Italy has had a long tradition of semi-autonomous organizations carrying out public tasks. The most important category, at least until the beginning of the 1990s, was that of public bodies vested in public law and legally independent (Type 2 as defined in Chapter 2 of this book). These public establishments are further divided into two categories: Enti Pubblici Economici and Enti Pubblici non Economici, the difference being between those that gain their revenues from directly selling products/services, and those that do not and rely on public funding.
KeywordsPerformance Contract Public Body Parent Ministry Prior Authorization Governing Board
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