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William Blair-Bell and Gynaecology

  • Chiara Beccalossi
Chapter
Part of the Genders and Sexualities in History book series (GSX)

Abstract

Almost twenty years after the publication of Ellis’s Sexual Inversion, the prominent English gynaecologist, William Blair-Bell, revealed in The Sex Complex (1916) that femininity was determined by internal secretions. The body of the higher type of woman was naturally suited to — and geared towards — perpetuating the race. Deviations from the procreative norm occurred whenever there was an imbalance in the internal secretions; the sexual invert, a freak of nature, was affected by such an irregularity, which explained her typically masculine physiognomy. Bell’s work thus belongs to the British tradition of explaining same-sex desires by reference to the body, only instead of doing so in the ‘old’ languages of anatomy, he privileged the new vocabulary of endocrinology. In contrast to Ellis’s progressive stance, Bell exemplifies British medicine’s more conventional view on female sexual inversion as a diseased condition. Further, the analysis of his work on sexual dysfunctions makes it possible to chart the emergence of same-sex desires as a major gynaecological concern that now deserved full chapters in the discipline’s treatises.

Keywords

Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome Internal Secretion True Hermaphrodite Sexual Inversion Sexual Instinct 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 4.
    G. Pomata, ‘Menstruating Men: Similarity and Difference of the Sexes in Early Modern Medicine’, in V. Finucci and K. Brownlee (eds.), Generation and Degeneration: Tropes of Reproduction in Literature and History from Antiquity through Early Modern Europe (2001), 146.Google Scholar
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    W. Blair-Bell, The Sex Complex (1916). The dictum was written on the inside cover.Google Scholar
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    C. Sengoopta, ‘The Modern Ovary: Constructions, Meanings, Uses’, History of Science, 2000, vol. 38, 451–2.Google Scholar
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    W. Blair-Bell, ‘The Correlation of Function: With Special Reference to the Organs of Internal Secretions and the Reproductive System’, BMJ, 1920, 787–91; Peel, William Blair-Bell, 18–19.Google Scholar
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    W. Blair-Bell, The Sex Complex (1920) [1916], 1–5. In the second edition Bell revised and expanded his work.Google Scholar
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    W. Blair-Bell, ‘Disorders of Functions’, in T. Watts Eden and C. Lockyer (eds.), The New System of Gynaecology (1917), vol. 1, 401.Google Scholar
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    W. Blair-Bell, ‘Hermaphroditism’, Liverpool Medico-Chirurgical Journal, 1915, no. 35, 289.Google Scholar
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    A. D. Dreger, Hermaphrodites and the Medical Invention of Sex (1998), 138–66.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chiara Beccalossi 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiara Beccalossi
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for the History of European DiscoursesUniversity of QueenslandAustralia

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