China’s World Wide Web: Overseas Chinese in the South Pacific

  • Jian Yang


Overseas Chinese are living in “virtually every country of the world.”1 Academic studies have put the number of ethnic Chinese living outside Greater China (mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) at 35–39 million,2 an increase from around 22 million in 1985, and from 12.7 million in the early 1960s.3 According to the Chinese government, the number is much higher. Ma Peiru, Chinese vice minister of Overseas Chinese Affairs Office, said in February 2011 that there were about 50 million overseas Chinese (haiwai huaqiao huaren) and about 30 million returned overseas Chinese and close relatives of overseas Chinese (guiq-iao qiaojuan) in China.4 Ma emphasized that overseas Chinese are an important force and the numbers reflected the resources and advantages unique to China.5 Indeed, overseas Chinese have played an important role in Chinese foreign policy and remain an important force in China’s grand strategy.


PACIFIC Island Solomon Island Chinese Immigrant Chinese Community Grand Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ronald Skeldon, “China: From exceptional case to global participant,” Migration Information Source, April 2004. (accessed on April 27, 2010).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ren Guixiang, “Haiwai Huaren Huaqiao yu Zhongguo Gaige Kaifang” (Overseas Chinese and Chinese Overseas in China’s Reforms and Opening Up.) (Beijing: Zhonggong Dangshi Chubanshe—History of Chinese Communist Party Press, March 2009), p. 208.Google Scholar
  3. Sheng Ding, “Digital Diaspora and National Image Building: A New Perspective on Chinese Diaspora Study in the Age of China’s Rise,” Pacific Affairs 80, no. 4 (Winter 2007–2008): 627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhongxinshe (China News), “Ma Rupei: Haiwai huaren huaqiao shi zhongyao liliang” (Ma Rupei: Overseas Chinese and Chinese overseas are important forces), Xinhua Wang (Xinhuanet), February 27, 2011. (accessed on March 6, 2011.)Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Haiming Liu, “The Chinese Diaspora: Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity” (Book Review), Journal of Chinese Overseas 2, no. 1 (May 2006): 150.Google Scholar
  6. Ronald Skeldon, “The Chinese Diaspora or the Migration of Chinese Peoples?” in The Chinese Diaspora: Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity, edited by Laurence J. C. Ma and Carolyn Carrier (Lanham et al.: Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), pp. 51–53.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zhu Guohong, “A Historical Demography of Chinese Migration,” in The Chinese Overseas, edited by Hong Liu (London and New York: Routledge, 2006), p. 139.Google Scholar
  8. Cai Deqi and Jiang Yongliang, Huaqiao Huaren deXin Fazhan (The New Development of Overseas Chinese and Chinese Overseas) (Xiamen: Xiamen Daxue Chubanshe—Xiamen University Press, 2001), pp. 44–48.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhuang Guotu, Huaqiao Huarenyu Zhongguo de Guanxi (The Relationship between Overseas Chinese, Chinese Overseas and China) (Guangzhou: Guangdong Gaodeng Jiaoyu Chubanshe—Guangdong Higher Education Press, 2001), pp. 283–284.Google Scholar
  10. 12.
    Wang Gungwu, China and the Chinese Overseas (Singapore: Times Academic Press, 1991).Google Scholar
  11. 15.
    Li Guoliang et al., Huaqiao Huarenyu Zhongguo Geminghe Jianshe (Overseas Chinese and Chinese Overseas in China’s Revolution and Construction) (Fuzhou: Fujian Renmin Chubanshe—Fujian People’s Press, 1993), pp. 65–68.Google Scholar
  12. 19.
    Wu Qianjin, Guojia Guanxizhong de Huaqiao Huaren he Huazhu (Overseas Chinese, Chinese Overseas and Ethnic Chinese in International Relations) (Beijing: Xinhua Chubanshe—Xinhua Press, 2003), p. 82. McKeown, “Conceptualizing Chinese Diasporas, 1842 to 1949,” pp. 120.Google Scholar
  13. 36.
    Emmanuel Ma Mung, “Chinese Migration and China’s Foreign Policy in Africa,” Journal of Chinese Overseas 4, no. 1 (May 2008): 105.Google Scholar
  14. 37.
    Zhongguo Heping Tongyi Cujinghui (China Council for the Promotion of PeacefulUnification), “Zhongguo Heping Tongyi Cujinghui jianjie” (Brief Introduction to China Council for the Promotion of Peaceful Unification), April 23, 2008. (accessed on May 13, 2010).Google Scholar
  15. 38.
    Zhongguo Heping Tongyi Cujinghui, “Haiwai Cutonghui” (Overseas Councils for the Promotion of Peaceful Unification). June 16, 2008. (accessed on March 16, 2011).Google Scholar
  16. 40.
    Maureen Pao, “Wanted: Overseas Chinese,” Far Eastern Economic Review 164, no. 24 (June 21, 2001): 24–25.Google Scholar
  17. 41.
    Bertil Lintner, “China’s third wave, part I: A new breed of migrants fans out,” Asia Times Online, April 17, 2007. (accessed on July 14, 2009).Google Scholar
  18. 43.
    Bertil Lintner, “China’s third wave, part II: The Sinicizing of the South Pacific,” Asia Times Online, April 18, 2007. (accessed on July 14, 2009).Google Scholar
  19. 46.
    Jian Yang, Congress and US China Policy: 1989–1999 (New York: Nova Science, 2000).Google Scholar
  20. 47.
    James Jiann Hua To, “Sino-Pacific: Extra-Territorial Influence and the Overseas Chinese,” in Looking North, Looking South: China, Taiwan, and the South Pacific, edited by Anne-Marie Brady (New Jersey et al.: World Scientific, 2010), p. 52.Google Scholar
  21. 48.
    Zheng Jianmin, “huaqiao huaren zai fazhan Zhongguo yu Nantaipingyang daoguo guanxi zhong de zuoyong” (The Role of Overseas Chinese and Chinese Overseas in the Development of China’s Relations with Pacific Island Countries), in Lu Weixiong (ed.), Haiwan Huaren Shehui Xin Shiye (New Perspectives of Overseas Chinese Societies) (Hong Kong: Hong Kong Press for Social Sciences, 2008), p. 335.Google Scholar
  22. 49.
    Ron Crocombe, Asia in the Pacific Islands: Replacing the West (Suva, Fiji: IPS, University of the South Pacific, 2007), p. 123.Google Scholar
  23. 52.
    Bill Willmott, “Varieties of Chinese Experience in the Pacific,” Occasional Paper No. 1, Centre for the Study of the Chinese Southern Diaspora, ANU: May 2007, p. 36Google Scholar
  24. 64.
    Song Hongwei, “Taipingyang shang de yichang fan ‘taidu’ zujizhan” (An “Anti-Taiwanese Independence Battle” in the South Pacific), Tongyi Luntan (Reunification Forum), no. 5 (2005): 15.Google Scholar
  25. 66.
    Graeme Dobell, “The Pacific Proxy: China vs Taiwan,” Australia Network, February 7, 2007. (accessed on March 20, 2008).Google Scholar
  26. 69.
    Michael G. Morgan and Abby McLeod, “Have We Failed Our Neighbour?” Australian Journal of International Affairs 60, no. 3 (September 2006): 422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Joel Atkinson, “Big Trouble in Little Chinatown: Australia, Taiwan and the April 2006 Post-election Riot in Solomon Islands,” Pacific Affairs 82, no. 1 (Spring 2009): 47–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 70.
    Kate Romer and Andre M. N. Renzaho, “Re-emerging Conflict in the Solomon Islands? The Underlying Causes and Triggers of the Riots of April 2006,” Journal of Peace Conflict and Development 10 (March 2007): 3.Google Scholar
  29. 72.
    BBC, “Riots Highlight Chinese Tensions,” April 21, 2006. (accessed on January 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  30. 74.
    BBC, “Chinese rivals grapple for Pacific,” April 4, 2007. (accessed on January 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  31. 76.
    Shailendra Singh and Som Prakash. “Politics, Democracy and the Media: Case Studies in Fiji, Tonga and the Solomon Islands,” Pacific Journalism Review 12, no. 2 (2006): 78.Google Scholar
  32. 80.
    Helen Ware, “Demography, Migration and Conflict in the Pacific,” Journal of Peace Research 42, no. 4 (2005): 449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 82.
    John Maloney and Jason Reed Struble, “A New Day in Tonga: The Judiciary, the Reformers and the Future,” Journal of South Pacific Law 11, no. 2 (2007): 167.Google Scholar
  34. 83.
    TVNZ, “NZ, Aust troops land in Tonga,” November 18, 2006. (accessed on January 25, 2010).Google Scholar
  35. 84.
    ABC News, “Flight chartered to evacuate Chinese in Tonga,” November 22, 2006. (accessed on January 25, 2010).Google Scholar
  36. 85.
    Palenitina Langa’oi, “The roots of instability: Administrative and political reform in Tonga.,” September 9, 2009. (accessed on March 22, 2011).Google Scholar
  37. 87.
    Palenitina Langa’oi, “China’s diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Tonga,” in China in Oceania: Shaping the Pacific? edited by Terence Wesley- Smith and Edgar A. Porter (London: Berghahn Books, 2010), p. 165.Google Scholar
  38. 91.
    Mike Harman, “Tongan riots, 2006,”, June 28, 2008. (accessed on March 27, 2011).Google Scholar
  39. 97.
    Rowan Callick, “Looters shot dead amid chaos of Papua New Guinea’s anti-Chinese riots,” The Australian, May 23, 2009. (accessed on January 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  40. 99.
    ABC Radio Australia, “Inquiry into PNG riots hears of anti-Asian sentiments,” November 10, 2009. (accessed on January 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  41. 104.
    Ministry of Foreign Affairs, PRC, “Overseas Chinese Suffer from the Riot on the Solomon Islands. Chinese Government Provides Emergency Aids,” April 22, 2006. (accessed on January 26, 2010).Google Scholar
  42. 106.
    Lu Weixiong and ZhengJianmin, “‘yuanqiao’ shijian shi shei re de huo—cong Suoluomen Tangrenjie bei shao shuoqi” (Who Should Be Blamed for the “Resentment against the Overseas Chinese—Reflections on the Burning Down of the China Town in the Solomon Islands), in Haiwan Huaren Shehui Xin Shiya (New Perspectives of Overseas Chinese Societies), edited by Lu Weixiong (Hong Kong: Xianggang Shehui Kexue Chubanshe Youxian Gonsi—Hong Kong Social Sciences Press, 2008), pp. 303–322. The report was initially circulated as an internal report before it was revised and published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jian Yang 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Yang

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations