The GPA’s International Administrative Disciplines: Distilling the Underlying Political Structures

Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


The preceding chapter traced the institutional evolution of the GPA’s formalized procedural disciplines to contain discrimination in covered public procurement markets, mapping the progression of the WTO rules from their OECD origins and concluding with what has been described as a ‘synergistic transatlantic process’ between rules developed primarily in a European or North American regional context and those stemming from negotiations within the WTO regime itself (Woolcock, 2006). As suggested at the outset of Chapter 1, the USA was virtually the sole proponent of including provisions on government procurement in the ITO. This perspective gradually changed — especially among the industrialized countries in Europe as the process of European integration progressed and, specifically, the economic costs of non-integration were recognized (Cecchini, Catinat et al., 1988) — although the extent of public ownership in economically strategic sectors has routinely played a countervailing role.


Good Governance Private Actor Political Authority Public Procurement Dispute Settlement 
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    This expression, according to Edwards Corwin, was that of James Harrington. See the discussion in The ‘higher law’ background of American constitutional law. (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1955).Google Scholar
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    As suggested previously, this may not be the case if the policies in question are driven by regional or bilateral integration. Indeed, the procedurally intensive procurement rules that evolved from the lengthy OECD discussions described earlier in this paper served as a model for the regional agreements that emerged in Europe and North America during the 1970s. These later developments, however, did not affect the genesis of the original OECD rules. See S. Woolcock, ‘The Interaction between Levels of Rule-making in Public Procurement’, in S. Woolcock (ed.), Trade and investment rule-making: the role of regional and bilateral agreements (Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Susan Brown-Shafii 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.World Trade InstituteUniversity of BernSwitzerland

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