Advertisement

Elites and the Construction of the Nation in Southeast Asia

  • Paul H. Kratoska
Part of the Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series book series (CIPCSS)

Abstract

The features that set elites apart from the mass of the population, be they power, wealth, piety, athletic ability, artistic skill, or something else, exist and are valued within specific geographical and social contexts. In Southeast Asia these contexts changed following the introduction of colonial rule, and again with the transition to independence. In each case some elements of the existing elite group survived the change but others did not, and each transition brought the emergence of new elites.

Keywords

Colonial Rule Colonial Government School Textbook Colonial Administration Quezon City 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abaya, Hernando J. (1946) Betrayal in the Philippines (New York: A.A. Wyn).Google Scholar
  2. Abeleda, Alberto S. Jr. (1997) Philippine History and Government (Manila: Saint Bernadette Publications).Google Scholar
  3. Cortes, Rosario (2000) The Filipino Saga (Quezon City Philippines: New Day Publishers).Google Scholar
  4. Elias, W. H. J. (1947) Indië onder Japanschen Hiel (’s-Gravenhage: W. van Hoeve).Google Scholar
  5. Frost, Ellen L. (2008) Asia’s New Regionalism (Boulder, CO, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc).Google Scholar
  6. Goto, Ken’ichi (1997) ‘Returning to Asia’: Japan-Indonesia Relations, 1930s–1942 (Tokyo: Ryukei Shyosha).Google Scholar
  7. Goto, Ken’ichi (2003) Tensions of Empire: Japan and Southeast Asia in the Colonial and Postcolonial World (Athens, OH: Center for International Studies Ohio University).Google Scholar
  8. Kheng, Cheah Boon (2003) Red Star over Malaya: Resistance and Social Conflict during and after the Japanese Occupation, 3rd edn (Singapore: Singapore University Press).Google Scholar
  9. Kratoska, Paul H. (1998) The Japanese Occupation of Malaya, 1941–1945 (London: C. Hurst).Google Scholar
  10. Kratoska, Paul H. (2006) “Singapore, Hong Kong, and the End of Empire,” International Journal of Asian Studies, 3(1): 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ks, Tugiyono, Syafei Suparmo and Z. H. Idris (1989) Sejarah Nasional Indonesia (Jakarta: Mutiara Sumber Widya).Google Scholar
  12. Kwartanada, Didi (2002) “Chinese Leadership and Organization in Yogyakarta during the Japanese Occupation,” in Paul H. Kratoska (ed.) Southeast Asian Minorities in the Wartime Japanese Empire (London: Routledge Curzon).Google Scholar
  13. McGregor, Katharine E. (2007) History in Uniform: Military Ideology and the Construction of Indonesia’s Past (Singapore: Singapore University Press).Google Scholar
  14. Mori, Kazuko and Kenichiro Hirano (eds.) (2007) A New East Asia: Toward a Regional Community (Singapore: National University of Singapore Press).Google Scholar
  15. My-Van, Tran (1992) A Vietnamese Scholar in Anguish: Nguyen Khuyen and the Decline of the Confucian Order, 1884–1909 (Singapore: Department of History, National University of Singapore).Google Scholar
  16. Netherlands Information Bureau (1944) Ten Years of Japanese Burrowing in the Dutch East Indies (New York: Netherlands Information Bureau).Google Scholar
  17. Pe, U Tun (1949) Sun Over Burma (Rangoon: Rasika Ranjani Press).Google Scholar
  18. Robertson, Eric (1979) The Japanese File: Pre-War Japanese penetration in Southeast Asia (Hong Kong: Heinemann Asia).Google Scholar
  19. Robinson, Ronald (1972) “Non-European Foundations of European Imperialism: Sketch for a Theory of Collaboration,” in R. Owen and B. Sutcliffe (eds.) Studies in the Theory of Imperialism (London: Longman).Google Scholar
  20. Robinson, Ronald (1976) “Non-European Foundations of European Imperialism: Sketch for a Theory of Collaboration,” in William Roger Louis (ed.) Imperialism: The Robinson and Gallagher Controversy (New York, London: New Viewpoints).Google Scholar
  21. Robinson, Ronald (1984) “Imperial Theory and the Question of Imperialism after Empire,” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 12 (2).Google Scholar
  22. Sejarah, Tim (1995) Sejarah 2 untuk Kelas 2 SMU (Jakarta: Yudhistira).Google Scholar
  23. Simbulan, Dante C. (2005) The Modern Principalia: The Historical Evolution of the Philippine Ruling Oligarchy (Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press).Google Scholar
  24. Siti, Waridahm Dra, Drs J. Soekardi and Drs P. Sunarto (1997) Sejarah Nasional Indonesia dan Dunia untuk SMU Kelas 2, vol. 2 (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara).Google Scholar
  25. Steinberg, David Joel (1967) Philippine Collaboration in World War II (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press).Google Scholar
  26. Thompson, Eric (2007) Unsettling Absences: Urbanism in Rural Malaysia (Singapore: Singapore University Press).Google Scholar
  27. Yoji, Akashi (1976) “Education and Indoctrination Policy in Malaya and Singapore under Japanese Rule, 1942–45,” Malaysian Journal of Education, 13 (December): 1–46.Google Scholar
  28. Yoji, Akashi (2008) “Japanese Research Activities in Occupied Malaya/Syonan, 1943–45,” in Akashi Yoji (ed.) New Perspectives on the Japanese Occupation in Malaya and Singapore, 1941–1945 (Singapore: Singapore University Press).Google Scholar
  29. Zaide, Sonia M. (1999) The Philippines: A Unique Nation, 2nd edn, with Gregorio F. Zaide’s History of the Republic of the Philippines (Quezon City, Philippines: All Nations Publishing Company).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Paul H. Kratoska 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul H. Kratoska

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations