ISO, TC 207 and the 14000 Series
ISO, derived from the Greek word isos, meaning equal, also known as the International Organisation for Standardisation, develops international standards for products, services, processes, materials and systems, as well as for conformity assessment and managerial and organisational practice. International standardisation began in the electrotechnical field with the creation of the IEC in 1906, and was followed by the creation of the International Federation of the National Standardising Associations (ISA) in 1926. ISA’s activities ceased in 1942 on account of the Second World War, and in 1946 delegates from 25 countries met in London to create a new body, ISO, which commenced work on 23 February 1947. Its role is to ‘promote the development of standardisation and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating international exchange of goods and services and to developing cooperation in the spheres of intellectual scientific, technological and economic activity’.1 It has developed over 15,000 international standards through a network of 156 national bodies and 580 liaison organisations.
KeywordsTechnical Committee Global Governance Dispute Settlement Standard Body Standard Development
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