Since the 1990s the European banking industry has been experiencing structural and legal changes concerning factors such as deregulation, liberalization, extraordinary upgrading in information technology (IT) and feedback from individual country economies as a reflection of the introduction of the euro (EUR) and the European Union’s (EU) enlargement process. In particular, changes and developments in the deregulation process have brought about a significant increase in competition, putting pressure on banks to become increasingly concerned with analysing and controlling their costs and revenues and, in return, maintaining high performance levels.


European Union Foreign Direct Investment Euro Area European Central Bank European Banking 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Özlem Olgu 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Özlem Olgu
    • 1
  1. 1.Koç UniversityTurkey

Personalised recommendations