From the Bronze Age to the Iron Age, humans have framed their views of the world based on the materials available to them and the opportunities those materials afforded in terms of quality of life. Today, we live in a world with over 300,000 known materials and, thanks to the scientific and technical discoveries of the past half-century, the study and manipulation of these materials has now risen to the level of its own interdisciplinary science.1 Materials science looks at how different materials—anything from wood to ceramics to metal to semiconductors—respond to different conditions and how the properties of these materials can be modified to enhance the materials’ functions or to create new ones.2 Using knowledge from fields such as chemistry, physics and electrical and mechanical engineering, materials science is influencing developments in nanotechnology and micro and electronic materials, among other fields.3 Advances in materials science have encouraged multiple innovations in science and technology that are already improving our quality of life.
KeywordsMaterial Science Polylactic Acid Smart Material Silicon Nanowires Organic Electronic
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