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“Unofficial Radio Hell-Raiser”: Radio News and US-Japanese Conflict on the Eve of the Pacific War

  • Michael A. Krysko
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of the Media book series (PSHM)

Abstract

As radio newscaster Carroll Duard Alcott was being chauffeured to work on the evening of January 12, 1940, he was ambushed. A car carrying two uniformed members of the Japanese military barreled in front of Alcott’s rickshaw as it moved through the streets of Shanghai. Having trapped the rickshaw, Alcott’s terrified puller bolted on foot down a nearby alley. A lieutenant grabbed the American radio personality with the intention of forcing him into his vehicle. Asked to confirm his identity, Alcott denied he was the man they sought. When a moment of doubt entered the officer’s mind, the 220 pound Alcott broke free and hightailed it down the same alley his puller used. Alcott arrived by foot at XMHA, an American-owned radio station, somewhat out of breath, but in time to deliver his scheduled broadcast.1

Keywords

News Broadcast International Settlement Japanese Station Radio News American Radio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 9.
    For the history of American radio journalism, see Edward Bliss, Jr., Now The News: The Story of Broadcast Journalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 1991), esp. 76–118Google Scholar
  2. Gerd Horten, Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003), 22–40. David Culbert’s study on radio news and foreign affairs demonstrates the lack of objectivity that pervaded the presumably reliable radio newscasts during this periodGoogle Scholar
  3. see David Holbrook Culbert, News For Everyman: Radio and Foreign Affairs in Thirties America (Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1976), esp. 5–6. The prevalence of newscasts as part of other countries’ shortwave broadcasting efforts was noted in A.V. Smith to the BFDC’s Electrical DivisionGoogle Scholar
  4. 30.
    T.A. Bisson, Japan in China (New York: Macmillan Company, 1939), 22, 309, 310, 317.Google Scholar
  5. Hallett Abend, Chaos in Asia ( New York: Ives Washburn, 1939 ), 67–72Google Scholar
  6. Randall Gould, China in the Sun ( New York: Doubleday & Company, 1946 ), 264.Google Scholar
  7. John B. Powell, My Twenty-Five Years in China ( New York: Macmillan Company, 1945 ), 297.Google Scholar
  8. James R. Young, Behind the Rising Sun ( New York: Doubleday, Doran and Company, 1941 ), 148.Google Scholar
  9. G.E. Miller, Shanghai: The Paradise of Adventurers ( New York: Orsay Publishing House, 1937 ), 99–100.Google Scholar
  10. James Bertram, Unconquered: Journal of a Year’s Adventures Among the Fighting Peasants of North China ( New York: John Day Company, 1939 ), 19.Google Scholar
  11. W.R. Johnson to I. Johnson, 8 October 1938, file 61, box 4, William R. Johnson Papers. For a historian’s assessment of Chinese representations in Japanese media, see Louise Young, Japan’s Total Empire: Manchuria and the Culture of Wartime Imperialism ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998 ), 100–1.Google Scholar
  12. 33.
    Yuji Tosaka, “The Discourse of Anti-Americanism and Hollywood Movies: Film Import Controls in Japan, 1937–1941,” Journal of American–East Asian Relations 12, no. 1–2 (Spring-Summer 2003): 59–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Michael A. Krysko 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Krysko
    • 1
  1. 1.Kansas State UniversityUSA

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