Rapprochement through Japanese Re-entry and Investment

Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


The first postwar issue concerning the movement of Japanese nationals in Malaya was the question of the repatriation of Japanese surrendered personnel ( JSP). At the end of December 1945, there were 731 554 JSP in the British South-East Asian Command, of which the largest number (121 962) were in Malaya including Singapore.1 While over 80 per cent (1 663 860) of JSP and civilians in China had returned to Japan by May 1946, and most of the 134 000 JSP in the Philippines were repatriated by the end of 1946, the repatriation from Malaya was not complete until November 1947. This was the last official repatriation from the whole area of South-East Asia.2


Federation Government Iron Mining Peace Treaty High Commissioner Singapore Government 
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  1. 2.
    See KatO YOkO, ‘Haisha no Kikan’, Kokusai Seiji, vol. 109 (May 1995), pp. 11025. FO memorandum ‘JSP in S.E. Asia’, 11 September 1946, no. 61, C0537/1257. ‘Kaigai Doho Hikiage ni kansuru Tokubetsu Iin Kaigiroku’, no. 9 (13 October), no. 16 (8 December), in Dai 1-kai Kokkai, Shugiin Iinkai Gijiroku: 1947 (hereafter Shuin Gijiroku 1 (1947)), vol. 5, pp. 25, 65 (Japanese National Diet Library).Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    O. W. Gilmour, With Freedom to Singapore (London: Ernest Benn, 1950), pp. 149ff, 151, 157f. Mountbatten to CAB (COS), 18 April 1946, no. 31; Mountbatten to CAB, 20 July, no. 37: in CO537/1257. ‘Summary of Labour Required to Replace JSP’, Annexure II to Appendix A of GHQSoutheast Asian Land Force letter, 12 April 1947, no. 3, CO537/2503. Iwatake, NanpO Gunseika, pp. 439, 443. Kobayashi Umanojo, Nihon wa Ikite Ita (Saitama: Saitama Book Service, 1986), pp. 37, 44, 47, 115. ‘Gaimuiin Kaigiroku’, no. 20 (8 December 1947), Shuin Gijiroku 1 (1947), vol. 1, p. 1. Turnbull, A History o f Singapore, p. 224.Google Scholar
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    GaimushO Kanrikyoku SOmuka (Control Section of JMFA) (ed.), Dou Sureba Kaigai e Toko Dekiruka (hereafter Dou Sureba) (Tokyo: Minoru Shobo, 1950), pp. 7–8.Google Scholar
  4. 19.
    Cheah Sue Kun, ‘Malaysia and Singapore’, pp. 206, 222. Yoshikawa Toshiharu, Kingendaishi, p. 282. Nakahara, ‘TOnan Asia no <Romusha>’, p. 137.Google Scholar
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    JMFA, Asia Kyoku Keizai Kyoryoku Shitsu (ed.), TonanAsia ni okeru GaikokuMinkanTOshi, no. 1 (Tokyo: JMFA, 1956), p. 19.Google Scholar
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    Ibid., pp. 7f., 90f. Matsuo, Keizai Kaihatsu, p. 305. Asahi, 21 July 1957. Cheah Sue Kun, ‘Malaysia Singapore’, p. 223. Yoshikawa Toshiharu, Kingendaishi, p. 282. Yuen Choy Leng, ‘The Japanese Community’, pp. 172f.Google Scholar
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    Ninomiya Ken, Japanese Consul-General, Singapore, to Shigemitsu Mamoru, Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs, 19 June 1956, pp. 63–5, no. 30, A’-0127, Postwar Microfilm Documents (PTWMD), JMFAA.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Junko Tomaru 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of International Cooperation StudiesKobe UniversityJapan

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