Rapprochement through Trade
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The surrender of Japan on 15 August 1945 brought about a sea change in the position of Malaya and Japan in international relations. Malaya was reoccupied in September by the British and came under the control of Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten as Supreme Allied Commander for South-East Asia (SACSEA), posted at Singapore. About 50 000 Japanese surrendered personnel (JSP) were interned and mobilized for reconstruction work. Military administration ended in April 1946 but Britain kept Malaya under its control through the Governor of the Malayan Union (from April 1946 to January 1948, thereafter the High Commissioner for the Federation of Malaya (HCFM)) and the Governor of Singapore until the Federation achieved independence in 1957 and Singapore gained internal self-government in 1959.
KeywordsCotton Textile Peace Treaty Private Trade Japanese Export United Malay National Organization
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