Origins: The Proposal for a European Community University, 1955–57
Messina, for anyone interested in the history of European integration, is a name to conjure with. The Sicilian hillside town beside Mount Etna is the place at which between June 1 and the dawn of June 3, 1955, the crucial first step took place to create the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). The governments of Belgium, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, who from 1952 had pooled resources within the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), had embarked on a still bolder experiment to unite Europe.
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