Advertisement

Race, Crime and Criminal Justice in Spain

  • Joshua Goode
Chapter
  • 268 Downloads

Abstract

Any discussion of the intersections of race and crime remains a relatively new topic for contemporary scholars of Spanish society. The reason the topic is new remains rooted in two interrelated problems, both relating to Spanish history — or at least a general interpretation of Spanish history. The first problem is a historical unwillingness to acknowledge the role that racial identity, or ethnic difference, has played in forging Spanish notions of national identity. This view is generally buttressed by the claim that Spain remained relatively isolated and inward-looking during a period when the rest of Europe became dominated by racial definitions of ‘national identity’. For one, Spain stood apart as the rest of Europe spread outward in imperialist adventures which brought notions of race and social Darwinist explanations of difference back to the metropole. How can there be racism if there is no deep sense of racial hierarchy?

Keywords

Ethnic Identity Spanish Population Spanish Society Critical Race Theory Racial Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abend, L. and Momigliano, A. (2008) ‘Spain, Italy: Two Tactics for Tackling Illegal Immigration’, The Christian Science Monitor, 7 August, p. 4.Google Scholar
  2. Álvarez Chillida, G. (2002) El Antisemitismo en Espana: La imagen del judío (1812–2002). Madrid: Marcial Pons.Google Scholar
  3. Antón y Ferrándiz, M. (1903) Razas y Tribus de Marruecos. Madrid: Sucesores de Rivadeneyra.Google Scholar
  4. Bernaldo de Quirós, C. (1912) Modern Theories of Criminality, trans. Alfonso de Salvio. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.Google Scholar
  5. Bierne, P. (1993) Inventing Criminology: Essays on the Rise of Homo Criminalis. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  6. Calavita, K. (2005) Immigrants at the Margins: Law, Race and Exclusion in Southern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Calvo Buezas, T. (1990) ¿España Racista? Voces Payas sobre los gitanos. Madrid: Anthropos.Google Scholar
  8. Calvo Buezas, T. (1992) ‘Otras identidades en España: el caso de Extremadura y de las minorías étnicas’, in R. Avila Palafox and T. Calvo Buezas (eds), Identidades, Nacionalismos, y Regiones. Madrid: Universidad Complutense.Google Scholar
  9. Calvo Buezas, T. et al. (2000) Inmigración y racismo: asi sienten los jóvenes del siglo XXI. Madrid: Cause Editorial.Google Scholar
  10. DeParle, J. (2008) ‘Spain Grappling with Illegal Immigrants, Tries Forgiveness’, New York Times, 10 June, p. A1.Google Scholar
  11. Equipo Barañí (2001) Mujeres Gitanas y Sistema Penal. Madrid: Ediciones Metyel.Google Scholar
  12. European Commission against Racism and Intolerance [ECRI] (2003) Second Report on Spain. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  13. European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRl) (2005) Third Report on Spain. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.Google Scholar
  14. EUMAP (EU Monitoring and Advocacy Program) (2002) Monitoring the EU Accession Process: Minority Protection: The Situation of Roma in Spain. Madrid: Open Society Institute.Google Scholar
  15. Gibson, M. (1998) ‘Biology or Environment? Race and Southern “Deviancy” in the Writings of Italian Criminologists’, in J. Schneider (ed.), Italy’s ‘Southern’ Question: Orientalism in One Country. Oxford and New York: Berg.Google Scholar
  16. Goode, J. (2009) Impurity of Blood: Defining Race in Spain, 1870–1930. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Goytisolo, J. and Naïr, S. (2000) El Peaje de la Vida: Integración o rechaoz de la emigración en España. Madrid: Aguilar.Google Scholar
  18. Haro Tecglen, E. (1993) ‘Racismo, xenofobia y comunicación’, in I. Arias et al. (eds), Racismo y Xenofobia. Madrid: Fundación Rich.Google Scholar
  19. Jacobson, S. (2003) ‘A Mixture of Spaniards’, The Times Literary Supplement, 5244, 3 October, p. 28.Google Scholar
  20. Kaplan, T. (1969) Luís Simarro and the Development of Science and Politics in Spain, 1868–1917, Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University.Google Scholar
  21. Maristany, L. (1973) El Gabinete del Dr. Lombroso: Delincuencia y Fin de Siglo España. Barcelona: Editoriales Anagrama.Google Scholar
  22. Matlack, Carol and Joan Tarzian (2007). ‘Immigrants Welcome’, Business Week, 21 May, p. 50.Google Scholar
  23. Nye, R. (1984) Crime Politics and Madness in Modern France: the Medical Concept of National Decline. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Omi, M. and Winant, H. (1994) Racial Formation in the United States: From the 1960s to 1990s. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  25. Otis, L. (1994) Organic Memory: History and the Body in the Late Nineteenth & Early Twentieth Centuries. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  26. Pick, D. (1989) Faces of Degeneration: A European Disorder. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Robinson, E. (1992) ‘Immigrants Gunned Down, Raising the Specter of Racsim in Spain’, The Washington Post, 18 November, p. A27.Google Scholar
  28. Romaguera, C. (1998) ‘Capturados 90 imigrants ‘ilegales’en seis operaciones en Algeciras y Tarifa’, El País, 8 May.Google Scholar
  29. Salillas, R. (1898a) ‘El Alma y la Cabeza del Cuerpo’, Revista de Prisiones y de Policia VI (11), 16 March, pp. 98–101.Google Scholar
  30. Salillas, R. (1898b) Hampa: El Delincuente Español o La Antropología Picaresca. Madrid: Librería de Victoriano Suarez.Google Scholar
  31. Silvela, Luis. (1870) ‘Sección Legislativa’,. Revista General de Legislación y Jurisprudencia 70: 339–372.Google Scholar
  32. Wagman, D. (2004) ‘Areas of ill-repute. Immigrants, the city and security’, Valladolid: Universidad de Valladolid, http://www.ciudad-derechos.org/english/pdf/aaf.pdf. Accessed 21 January 2009.Google Scholar
  33. Wagman, D. (2006) El Perfil Racial en España: Investigaciones y recomendaciones. New York: Open Society Institute. Accessed 21 January 2009.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Joshua Goode 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joshua Goode
    • 1
  1. 1.Claremont Graduate UniversityUSA

Personalised recommendations