History: Race Relations and Justice

  • Anita Kalunta-Crumpton


This overview of race relations in a historical setting aims to provide a background framework for comprehending contemporary relations between white (European descent) and non-white (non-European descent) racial groups in the domestic settings of societies with populations that are significantly racially diverse. In the context of the subsequent chapters of this book, an explanatory overview of history is particularly vital for making sense of how white and non-white relations interact with offending behavior, experiences of criminal victimization, popular and official discourses of crime, and policy and practice approaches to crime. It is worth noting, however, that despite the evidence of racial diversity in many Western countries, some countries, for known or unknown reasons, may seem on face value to have embarked on cloaking the ideology of race by overtly adopting ‘nonphysical’ identities to differentiate between peoples. This strategy has seen some white ethnic groups encompassed in the discourses of differences. This is not a new phenomenon. White ethnicities such as the Irish and Sicilians were at some point a part of the historical process of racialization. Much later in history, the ideology of racial hygiene in parts of the West affected sections of the white population that fell victim to the applied eugenics of the 20th century. But at least as far as the global reach of the racialization process was concerned, white ethnicities were never placed on the same level as non-white groups.


Race Relation Slave Trade Moral Panic White Ethnicity African Slave 
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Copyright information

© Anita Kalunta-Crumpton 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Kalunta-Crumpton
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas Southern UniversityUSA

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