Advertisement

Data Banking: Computing and Flexibility in Swiss Banks 1960–90

  • David Gugerli
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Banking and Financial Institutions book series (SBFI)

Abstract

Daniel Bell’s study ‘The Coming of Post-Industrial Society’, published in 1973, claimed to be ‘a venture in social forecasting’ (Bell 1973). Coming as it did on the eve of the most severe crisis of the global economy since World War II, Bell’s book was certainly apropos. By the same token, Harvard’s eminent sociologist could hardly have imagined how many global events would coincide with its appearance. 1973 was not only the year of the first oil price shock. It would also see the opening of the Chicago Securities Exchange and the end of the Bretton Woods system (Helleiner 1994; MacKenzie 2006).

Keywords

Corporate Governance Assembly Line Information Tech Float Exchange Rate Relational Database Management System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Note: Annual reports by Credit Suisse (CS), the Swiss Bank Corporation (SBC), and the Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS) are quoted in the following formats: CS (Year), SBC (Year), UBS (Year).Google Scholar
  2. Astrahan, M. M., Blasgen, M. W., Chamberlin, D. D., Eswaran, K. P., Gray, J. N., Griffiths, P. P., King, W. F., Lorie, R. A., Mcjones, P. R., Mehl, J. W., Putzolu, G. R., Traiger, I. L., Wade, B. and Watson, V. (1976), ‘System R: A Relational Approach to Database Management’, ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 1: 97–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Astrahan, M. M. and Chamberlin, D. D. (1975), ‘Implementation of a Structured English Query Language’, Communications of the ACM, 18: 580–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bachman, C. W. (1973), ‘The Programmer as Navigator’, Communications of the ACM, 16: 653–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Baethge, M., Kitay, J. and Regalia, I. (1999), ‘Managerial Strategies, Human Resource Practices, and Labor Relations in Banks: A Comparative View’, in M. Regini, J. Kitay and M. Baethge (eds), From Tellers to Sellers Changing Employment Relations in Banks, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press: 3–30.Google Scholar
  6. Balderston, F. E., Carman, J. M. andHoggatt, A. C. (1977), ‘Computers in Banking and Marketing: The Technology is Here, with Promises and Problems for Both Consumers and Corporations’, Science, 195: 1115–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beccalli, E. (2007), IT and European Bank Performance, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Becker, G. S. (1964), Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, with Special Reference to Education, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  9. Bell, D. (1973), The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: A Venture in Social Forecasting, New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Boltanski, L. and Chiapello, E. (2007), The New Spirit of Capitalism, London: Verso.Google Scholar
  11. Bonhage, B. (2007), ‘Befreit im Netz: Bankdienstleistungen im Spannungsfeld zwischen Kunden und Computern’, in S. Kaufmann (ed.), Vernetzte Steuerung: Soziale Prozesse im Zeitalter technischer Netzwerke, Zurich: Chronos.Google Scholar
  12. Bröckling, U., Masschelein, J., Simons, M. and Pongratz, L. (eds) (2007), The Learning Society from the Perspective of Governmentality, Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  13. Campbell, J. A. and Hilary, T. B. (1981), ‘The Videotex Marketplace: A Theory of Evolution’, Telecommunications Policy, 5(2): 111–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cerf, V. G. and Kahn, R. E. (1974), ‘A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication’, IEEE Trans. Comm. Tech., 22(5): 627–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Chamberlin, D. D., Astrahan, M. M., Blasgen, M. W., Gray, J. N., King, W. F., Lindsay, B. G., Lorie, R., Mehl, J. W., Price, T. G., Putzolu, G., Selinger, P. G., Schkolnick, M., Slutz, D. R., Traiger, I. L., Wade, B. W. and Yost, R. A. (1981), ‘A History and Evaluation of System R’, Communications of the ACM, 24: 632–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Codd, E. F. (1970), ‘A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks’, Communications of the ACM, 13: 377–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cuozzo, D. E. and Kurtz, J. F. (1973), ‘Building a Base for Data Base: A Management Perspective’, Datamation, 19: 71–6.Google Scholar
  18. Date, C. J. (1984), A Guide to DB2 a User’s Guide to the IBM Product IBM Database 2 (a Relational Database Management System for the MVS Environment) and its Companion Products QMF and DXT, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  19. Date, C. J. and Codd, E. F. (1975), ‘The Relational and Network Approaches: Comparison of the Application Programming Interfaces’, Proceedings of the 1974 ACM SIGFIDET (now SIGMOD) Workshop on Data Description, Access and Control: Data Models: Data-Structure-Set versus Relational, Ann Arbor, MI, 1 May 2001: 83–113.Google Scholar
  20. Freiburghaus, K. (1983), ‘Der Videotex-Betriebsversuch’, Technische Mitteilungen PTT, 61: 229–33.Google Scholar
  21. Gfeller, P. A. (1993), ‘Videotex in der Schweiz’, in R. Trachsel (ed.), Ein halbes Jahrhundert Telekommunikation in der Schweiz, Aarau: Sauerländer: 257–68.Google Scholar
  22. Girschik, K. (2005), ‘Als die Kassen lesen lernten: Die Anfänge der rechnergestützten Warenwirtschaft bei der Migros’, Traverse. Zeitschrift für Geschichte, 3: 110–24.Google Scholar
  23. Girschik, K. (2006), ‘Machine Readable Codes: The Swiss Retailer Migros and the Quest for Flow Velocity since the mid 1960s’, Entreprise et Histoire, 44: 55–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Girschik, K. (2009) ‘Als die Kassen lesen lernten: “Eine Technikgeschichte des Schweizer Einzelhandels”, 1950–1975’, DGES, Zurich: Federal Institute of Technology (ETH).Google Scholar
  25. Gugerli D. (2002) ‘Die Entwicklung der digitalen Telefonie (1960–1985): Die Kosten soziotechnischer Flexibilisierungen’ in K. Stadelmann T. Hengartner and M. F. K. Bern (eds) Telemagie: 150 Jahre Telekommunikation in der Schweiz Zurich: Chronos: 37–52Google Scholar
  26. Gugerli, D. (2007), ‘Die Welt als Datenbank. Zur Relation von Softwareentwicklung, Abfragetechnik und Deutungsautonomie’, in D. Gugerli, M. Hanger, M. Hampe, B. Orland, P. Sarasin and J. Tanner (eds), Daten, Zurich, Berlin: Diaphanes: 11–36.Google Scholar
  27. Gugerli, D. (2009), ‘Das Monster und die Schablone: Zur Logistik von Daten um 1950’, Traverse: Zeitschrift für Geschichte, 3: 66–76.Google Scholar
  28. Gugerli, D., Kupper, P. and Speich, D. (2005), Die Zukunftsmaschine: Konjunkturen der Eidgenössischen Technischen Hochschule Zürich 1855–2005, Zurich: Chronos.Google Scholar
  29. Habermas, J. (1973) Legitimationsprobleme im Spätkapitalismus, Frankfurt, a.M: Suhrkamp.Google Scholar
  30. Haigh, T. (2006), ‘“A Veritable Bucket of Facts”: Origins of the Data Base Management System’, SIGMOD Record, 35: 33–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Hausammann, L. (2008), ‘Der Beginn der Informatisierung im Kanton Zürich: Von der Lochkartenanlage im Strassenverkehrsamt zur kantonalen EDV-Stelle (1957–1970)’, Ph.D. Thesis, Philosophische Fakultät, Zurich: University of Zurich.Google Scholar
  32. Helleiner, E. (1994), States and the Reemergence of Global Finance: From Bretton Woods to the 1990s, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Illi, M. (2008), Von der Kameralistik zum New Public Management, Zurich: Chronos.Google Scholar
  34. Jung, J. (2000), Von der Schweizerischen Kreditanstalt zur Credit Suisse Group: Eine Bankengeschichte, Zurich: Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung.Google Scholar
  35. Kilgus, E. (1968), Das Rechnungswesen im Dienste der Unternehmungsführung Antrittsrede an der Universität Zürich, gehalten am 20. Januar 1968, Zurich: Schulthess.Google Scholar
  36. Kilgus, E. (1971), Betriebswirtschaftliche Probleme des Bankbetriebes, Bern: Haupt.Google Scholar
  37. Kilgus, E. (1982), Bank-Management in Theorie und Praxis, Bern: Haupt.Google Scholar
  38. Knecht, W. (1984), Videotex: Das neue Medium, Zurich: IBO-Verlag.Google Scholar
  39. Kobelt, C. (1987), ‘Informatik bei einer Grossbank — SKA liess Fachpresse hinter die Kulissen gucken’, Technische Mitteilungen PTT, 65: 211–36.Google Scholar
  40. Kyrish, S. (1996), From Videotex to the Internet: Lessons form Online Services 1981–1996, La Trobe: La Trobe University.Google Scholar
  41. Luhmann, N. (1966), Recht und Automation in der öffentlichen Verwaltung: Eine verwaltungswissenschaftliche Untersuchung, Berlin: Drucker & Humblot.Google Scholar
  42. Luhmann, N. (1976), ‘The Future Cannot Begin: Temporal Structures in Modern Society’, Social Research, 43(1): 130–52.Google Scholar
  43. Lütolf, R. (2002), Die Einführung von Videotex in der Schweiz (1979–1987) im Vergleich mit derjenigen in Deutschland und Frankreich. Eine Analyse der Fehler, Thesis, Zurich: University of Zurich.Google Scholar
  44. Mabillard, M. and R. d. Weck (1977), Der Fall Chiasso, Genève: Tribune Editions. Macdonald, R. (1988), Floating Exchange Rates: Theories and Evidence, London: Unwin Hyman.Google Scholar
  45. MacKenzie, D. (2006), An Engine, Not a Camera. How Financial Models Shape Markets, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Meadows, D. H. (1972), The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind, London: Earth Island.Google Scholar
  47. Neitzert, M. (1996), ‘Human Capital in the Hot Sun’, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 45: 69–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Neukom, H. (2004), ‘Early Use of Computers in Swiss Banks’, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, 26(3): 50–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Nolan, R. L. (1973), ‘Computer Databases: The Future is Now’, Harvard Business Review, 51: 98–114.Google Scholar
  50. Piore, M. J. and Sabel, C. (1984), The Second Industrial Divide, New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  51. Regini, M., Kitay, J. and Baethge, M. (eds) (1999), From Tellers to Sellers: Changing Employment Relations in Banks, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  52. Rogge, P. G. (1997), Die Dynamik des Wandels. Schweizerischer Bankverein 1862–1997. Das fünfte Vierteljahrhundert, Basel: F. Reinhardt.Google Scholar
  53. Scott, S. V., Van Reenen, J. and Zachariadis, M. (2008), ‘The Impact on Bank Performance of the Diffusion of a Financial Innovation: An Analysis of SWIFT Adoption’, WISE Conference, Paris.Google Scholar
  54. Siegenthaler, H.-J. (1993), Regelvertrauen, Prosperität und Krisen: Die Ungleichmässigkeit wirtschaftlicher und sozialer Entwicklung als Ergebnis individuellen Handelns und sozialen Lernens, Tübingen: Mohr.Google Scholar
  55. SKA (1978), Automation of Bank Operations in the Eighties Report of Zurich Conference; November 1977, Zurich.Google Scholar
  56. Stonebraker, M., Wong, E., Kreps, P. and Held, G. (1976), ‘The Design and Implementation of INGRES’, ACM Transactions on Database Systems (TODS), 1: 189–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Swary, I. and Topf, B. (1992), Gobal Financial Deregulation: Commercial Banking at the Crossroads, Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
  58. Symonds, M. and Ellison, L. (2003), Software: An Intimate Portrait of Larry Ellison and Oracle, New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  59. Winter, J. B. (1974), ‘Wertschriften-Abrechnung,-Disposition und-Verwahrung mittels EDV in Mittel-und Grossbanken’, Historisches Seminar, Zurich: University of Zurich.Google Scholar
  60. Zetti, D. (2006), ‘Personal und Computer: Automation des Postcheckdienstes mit Computer, ein Projekt der PTT 1963–1975’, Historisches Seminar, Zurich: University of Zurich.Google Scholar
  61. Zetti, D. (2009), ‘Die Erschliessung der Rechenanlage: Computer im Postcheckdienst, 1964–1974’, Traverse: Zeitschrift für Geschichte, 3: 88–101.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© David Gugerli 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Gugerli
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in ZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations