The application of the constrained balancing framework requires a method which does not rely on correlational evidence only. It must, on the one hand, allow researchers to draw conclusions about the causal effects of structures on actors and their behavior with some confidence. On the other hand, it must be open enough to allow for different causal pathways which cannot be identified in advance. In particular, it must provide for situations in which structures influence policy only indirectly by causing costs after structural incentives had been ignored. This chapter will argue that single case studies or systematic comparisons of case studies, if properly designed, can help to put such a structure-based framework to use.


Causal Relation Foreign Policy Security Policy Policy Process Incentive Structure 
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Copyright information

© Dirk Peters 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Peters
    • 1
  1. 1.Peace Research Institute FrankfurtGermany

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