Advertisement

Exacerbated Politics: The Legacy of Political Trauma in South Korea

  • Don Baker
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)

Abstract

The theme tying together the various chapters in this book is collective memory. Memory can inflame relations between two nations when they disagree on how to remember their encounters in years past. Such is the case in competing Korean and Japanese memories about the impact of Japan’s colonial rule and in competing Japanese and Chinese memories of what happened in Nanjing in 1937. These memory wars are well worth our examination. In this chapter, however, I will focus on how one people, the Korean people, remember and represent their own past.

Keywords

Collective Memory Colonial Period Authoritarian Rule Korean People Korean Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, J. C. (2004) “Towards a Theory of Cultural Trauma”, in J. C. Alexander, R. Eyerman, B. Giesen, N. J. Smelser and P. Sztompka (eds), Cultural Trauma and Collective Identity (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press), 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker, D. (2003) “Victims and Heroes: Competing Visions of May 18”, in G. W. Shin and K.M. Hwang (eds) Kwangju: The May 18 Uprising in Korea’s Past and Present (New York: Rowman & Littlefield), 87–107.Google Scholar
  3. Brooke, J. (2004) “Trying to Stone Collaborators, Seoul Party Hits Glass House”, New York Times, 8 September 2004. http://www.nytimes.com, accessed 17 May 2009.
  4. Ch’ae, M. (1992) Peace Under Heaven trans. by K. J. Chun (Armonk, New York: M.E. Sharpe).Google Scholar
  5. Cho, C. (2005) “Kang Case Rekindles Debate on National Security Law”, Korea Herald, 17 October 2005. http://www.asiamedia.ucla.edu, accessed 17 May 2009.
  6. Cho, H. (2002) “Sacrifices Caused by State Violence under Military Authoritarianism and the Dynamics of Settling the Past during the Democratic Transition”, Korea Journal, 42:3, 163–93.Google Scholar
  7. Ch’oe, Y. P., Lee, P. and de Bary, W. (eds) (2000) Sources of Korean Tradition, Volume II (New York: Columbia University Press).Google Scholar
  8. Choi, J. (1999) The Gwangju Uprising: The Pivotal Democratic Movement That Changed the History of Modern Korea, trans. by Yu Y. (Paramus, NJ: Homa and Sekey Books).Google Scholar
  9. Chung, S. and Rhyu, S. (2003) Memories of May 1980: A Documentary History of the Kwangju Uprising in Korea (Seoul: Korea Democracy Foundation).Google Scholar
  10. Chung, Y. (2002) “Refracted Modernity and the Issue of Pro-Japanese collaborators in Korea”, Korea Journal, 42:3, 18–59.Google Scholar
  11. Cumings, B. (1981) The Origins of the Korean War, Vol. 1: Liberation and the Emergence of Separate Regimes, 1945–1947 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  12. Cumings, B. (1990) The Origins of the Korean War, Vol. 2: The Roaring of the Cataract, 1947–1950 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  13. De Ceuster, K. (2001) “The Nation Exorcised: The Historiography of Collaboration in South Korea”, Korean Studies, 25:2, 207–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Eckert, C. (1991) Offspring of Empire: The Koch’ang Kims and the Colonial Origins of Korean Capitalism, 1876–1945 (Seattle: University of Washington Press).Google Scholar
  15. Han, Y. (2002) Uri Yoŏksa [Our History] (Seoul: Kyŏngsewŏn).Google Scholar
  16. Hankyoreh English (ed) (2005) “11 Years of Torture for Novel Taebaek Sanmaek”, 30 March 2005. http://www.hani.co.kr, accessed 17 May 2009.Google Scholar
  17. Holliday, J. and Cumings, B. (1988) Korea: The Unknown War (New York: Pantheon Books).Google Scholar
  18. Hong, S. (2002) “Finding the Truth on the Suspicious Deaths under South Korea’s Military Dictatorship”, Korea Journal, 42:3, 139–62.Google Scholar
  19. Huygen, C. (2003) “Group Identification and the Formation of Collective Memories”, doctoral dissertation, New School University.Google Scholar
  20. Hyun, K. (2007) Dead Silence and Other Stories of the Jeju Massacre (Norwalk, CT: EastBridge).Google Scholar
  21. Gleysteen, W. H. (1999) Massive Entanglement, Marginal Influence: Carter and Korea in Crisis (Washington, DC: Brookings Institute Press).Google Scholar
  22. Jager, S. M. and Kim, J. (2007) “The Korean War after the Cold War: Commemorating the Armistice Agreement in South Korea”, in S. M. Jager and R. Mitter (eds) Ruptured Histories: War, Memory, and the Post-Cold War in Asia (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press), 233–65.Google Scholar
  23. Jeju Sori [The Voice of Cheju] (2009) “Cheju 4.3 60nyŏn mach’imnae kŭ mosŭpŭl tŭlŏnaettda” [Finally, after 60 years, what happened on 3 April 1948 is revealed] http://www.jejusori.net/, accessed 17 May 2009.Google Scholar
  24. Kang, H. (2001) Under the Black Umbrella: Voices from Colonial Korea, 1910–1945 (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  25. Kang, M. (2005) A History of Contemporary Korea, trans. John B. Duncan (Kent, UK: Global Oriental).Google Scholar
  26. Kim, C. K. (1973) The Korean War, 1950–53 (Seoul: Kwangmyong Publishing).Google Scholar
  27. Kim, C. N. (2007) The Korean Presidents: Leadership for Nation Building (Nowwalk, CT: East Bridge).Google Scholar
  28. Kim, C. S. (1998) A Korean Nationalist Entrepreneur: A Life History of Kim Sŏngsu, 1891–1955 (Albany: State University of New York Press).Google Scholar
  29. Kim, D. C. (2002) “Beneath the Tip of the Iceberg: Problems in Historical Clarification of the Korean War”, Korea Journal, 42:3, 60–86.Google Scholar
  30. Kim, D. S. (1999) “Meaning Construction of the Kwangju Pro-democracy Movement and Futuristic Frame”, Korea Journal, 39:2, 205–37.Google Scholar
  31. Kim, K. H. (2004) The Remasculinization of Korean Cinema (Durham, NC: Duke University Press).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Korea Journal (2002) Special issue on “The Issue of Settling the Past in Modern Korean History”, 42:3.Google Scholar
  33. Korea Journal (2008) Special issue on “Colonial Modernity and the Making of Modern Korean Cities”, 48:3.Google Scholar
  34. Lee, B. C. (ed.) (2003) Developmental Dictatorship and the Park Chung-hee Era: The Shaping of Modernity in the Republic of Korea (Paramus, NJ: Homa & Sekey Books).Google Scholar
  35. Lee, H. K. (1996) The Korean Economy: Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century (Albany, New York: State University of New York Press).Google Scholar
  36. Lee, H. Y. (2003) “South Korea in 2002: Multiple Political Dramas”, Asian Survey, 43:1, 64–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lee, H. H., Park, S. S. and Yoon, N. H. (2005) New History of Korea (Seoul: Jimoondang).Google Scholar
  38. Lee, N. (2007) The Making of Minjung: Democracy and the Politics of Representation in South Korea (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press).Google Scholar
  39. Lewis, L. (2002) Laying Claim to the Memory of May (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press).Google Scholar
  40. Merrill, J. (1989) Korea: The Peninsular Origins of the War (Newark: University of Delaware Press.Google Scholar
  41. Moon, S. (2009) “The Cultural Politics of Remembering Park Chung Hee”, The AsiaPacific Journal, Vol. 19 (May, 2009) http://japanfocus.org/Seungsook-Moon/3140, accessed 26 Feb. 2010.
  42. OhmyNews (2007) “Mujoe, mujoe, mujoe: idŭl-ŭi ŏgulhan hŭisaengŭn ŏjjihana” [Innocent, innocent, innocent: How could the fact that they were innocent victims have been kept hidden for so long], OhmyNews, 24 July 2007, http://www.ohmynews.com, accessed 16 May 2009.
  43. Ohmy News (2008) “An Ikt’ae, Cho Tunam, Yi Wŏnsu, Ch’oe Sŭnghi myŏngdan ch’uga. Ch’inil inmyŏng inmyŏngp’yŏn ch’ulganŭn sijak-e pulgwa” [The names An Ikt’ae, Cho Tunam, Yi Wŏnsu, and Ch’oe Sŭnghi have been added to the list of collaborators. The work of publishing the biographical dictionary of collaborators has only just begun], 29 April 2008, http://www.ohmynews.com, accessed 16 May 2009.
  44. Paek, M. and Park S. (2005) Manhwa Park Chung Hee [A graphic biography of Park Chung Hee] (Seoul: Sidae ŭi ch’ang).Google Scholar
  45. Paik, S. Y. (1992) From Pusan to Panmunjon (New York: Macmillan Publishing).Google Scholar
  46. Park, M. (2005) Birth of Resistance, trans. by S. E. Chee (Seoul: Korea Democracy Foundation).Google Scholar
  47. Presidential Truth Commission on Suspicious Deaths (ed.) (2004) A Hard Journey to Justice (Seoul: Samin).Google Scholar
  48. Review of Korean Studies (2003) Special issue on “Redressing the Past Injustices: The Complex and Contested Dynamics of the Movement”, 6:1.Google Scholar
  49. Robinson, M. (2007) Korea’s Twentieth-Century Odyssey (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press).Google Scholar
  50. Saunders, J. (2008) “April 3rd Jeju Massacre Museum”, Jeju Life, 20 June 2008 http://jejulife.net/2008/06/20/jejumemorialhall/, accessed 17 May 2009.
  51. Schacter, D. L. (2001) The Seven Sins of Memory (New York: Houghton Mifflin).Google Scholar
  52. Scott-Stokes, H. and Lee, J. E. (eds). (2000). The Kwangju Uprising: Eyewitness Press Accounts of Korea’s Tianamen (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe).Google Scholar
  53. Shin, G. W. and Robinson, M. (eds) (1999) Colonial Modernity in Korea (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center).Google Scholar
  54. Shin, G. W. and Robinson, M. (eds) (2006) Han’guk ŭi singminji kŭndaesŭng: Naejaejŭk paljŏnnon kwa signminji kŭndaehwanonŭl nŏmŏsŏ [Korea’s colonial modernity: Moving past the debate between advocates of internal development and advocates of modernization under colonial directionl (Seoul: Samin).Google Scholar
  55. Shin, Y. H. (2003) “‘Modernization’ Theme During the Colonial Period: A Criticism of the Argument That Japanese Colonial Rule Modernized Korea”, Essays in Korean Social History (Seoul: Tisik-sanup Publishing), 440–50.Google Scholar
  56. Sohn, J. I. (2007) trans. by J. Seo Contemporary History of South Korea-60 years (Seoul: Korea Democracy Foundation).Google Scholar
  57. Song, B. N. (1990) The Rise of the Korean Economy (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  58. Stueck, W. (2002) Rethinking the Korean War: A New Diplomatic and Strategic History (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press).Google Scholar
  59. Stueck, W. (2004) The Korean War in World History (Lexington, KY: The University of Kentucky Press).Google Scholar
  60. Suh, S. (2001) Unbroken Spirits: Nineteen Years in South Korea’s Gulag, trans. by J. Inglis (New York: Rowman and Littlefield).Google Scholar
  61. Suh, S. C. (1978) Growth and Structural Changes in the Korean Economy, 1910–1940 (Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University).Google Scholar
  62. Wichham, J. A. (1999) Korea on the Brink: From the “12/12 incident” to the Kwangju Uprising, 1979–80 (Washington, DC: National Defense University Press).Google Scholar
  63. Wickham, J. A. and Holbrooke, R. (2000) Korea on the Brink: A Memoir of Political Intrigue and Military Crisis (Dulles, VA: Potomac Books Inc.).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Don Baker 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Don Baker

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations