Memory Movement and State-Society Relationship in Chinese World War II Victims’ Reparations Movement Against Japan

  • Bin Xu
  • Gary Alan Fine
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Memory Studies book series (PMMS)


The relationship between memory and the state is fundamental to collective memory study (Hobsbawm and Ranger 1983; Smith 1987; Gillis 1994; Spillman 1997; Olick 2003). The dominant approach to this relationship has been “instrumentalism” which regards memory as an ideological tool for the nation-state to legitimize itself, especially when an old ideology is fading or when a new nation-state is being built (Hobsbawm and Ranger 1983; Zerubavel 1995). When applied to totalitarian and authoritarian societies in the twentieth century, this view is incarnated in two theoretical approaches.


Civil Society Social Movement Collective Memory Opportunity Structure Reparation Movement 
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© Bin Xu and Gary Alan Fine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin Xu
  • Gary Alan Fine

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