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Natural Hazards and Unnatural Disasters: A Survey of the Gendered Terrain of Risk, Vulnerability and Disaster Relief

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Abstract

The human consequences of natural disasters1 are neither inevitable nor “natural.” Less a single destructive event than a social process unfolding within a particular environmental and social context, a large earthquake, volcanic eruption or flood can unearth the bare inequalities of social development, which place some people more than others at risk, while also undermining their capacity to mitigate, survive, endure or cope with the consequences of such a catastrophe (Enarson, 2000). Against this backdrop, the poor and economically insecure are particularly prone to the negative effects of disasters. Minority groups, the elderly, the disabled, children and socially excluded groups, such as illegal migrant workers and the homeless, are highly represented among this group. Often neglected in disaster preparation and recovery efforts, women and girls are also particularly vulnerable to disasters owing to their socially constructed roles and responsibilities in society.

Keywords

Natural Disaster Social Protection Informal Economy Disaster Relief Disaster Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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