Adapting to the End of ‘Treatment’
penological research carried out in the course of the last twenty years or so suggests that penal ‘treatments’, as we significantly describe them, do not have any reformative effect whatever other effects they may have. The dilemma is that a considerable investment has been made in various measures and services, of which the most obvious examples are custodial institutions for young adult offenders and probation and after-care services in the community for a wide variety of offenders. Are these resources simply to be abandoned on the basis of the accumulated research evidence? (Croft, 1978, p. 4)
KeywordsPosit Lost Ambi
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