As recently as the early 1980s, academic commentators were writing about rehabilitation as an approach towards offenders that had had its day. In the wake of the well-documented collapse of the ‘rehabilitative ideal’ (Allen, 1959), critics and supporters alike seemed to converge on the idea that rehabilitation as a penal strategy would soon be a thing of the past (e.g. Bottomley, 1980; Bottoms, 1980a; Allen, 1981). This conclusion was powerfully re-stated a decade later by American criminologists Feeley and Simon (1992, 1994), whose ‘new penology’ thesis seemed to confirm the death of rehabilitation in Western penal systems.
KeywordsCorrectional Model Restorative Justice Criminal Record Criminal Conviction Oxford English Dictionary
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