Historical Development: from Rome to Byzantium
Following the civil wars of the first decades of the fourth century, the Emperor Constantine I recognised that the empire as a whole could no longer effectively be ruled from Rome. He moved his capital eastwards, to the site of the ancient Megaran colony of Byzantium, and renamed it Konstantinoupolis, the city of Constantine. Its strategic position was attractive, for the emperor could remain in contact with both eastern and western affairs from its site on the Bosphorus. The city was expanded, new walls were constructed and the emperor undertook an expensive building programme. Begun in 326, the city was formally consecrated in 330.
KeywordsFourth Century Sixth Century Roman Empire Roman Territory Roman Army
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