The Vice-royalty of New Granada gained its independence of Spain in 1819, and was officially constituted 17 Dec. 1819, together with the present territories of Panama, Venezuela and Ecuador, as the state of ‘Greater Colombia’, which continued for about 12 years. It then split up into Venezuela, Ecuador and the republic of New Granada in 1830. The constitution of 22 May 1858 changed New Granada into a confederation of 8 states, under the name of Confederation Granadina. Under the constitution of 8 May 1863 the country was renamed ‘Esta-dos Unidos de Colombia’, which were 9 in number. The revolution of 1885 led the National Council of Bogota, composed of 2 delegates from each state, to promulgate the constitution of 5 Aug. 1886, forming the Republic of Colombia, which abolished the sovereignty of the states, converting them into departments, with governors appointed by the President of the Republic, though they retained some of their old rights, such as the management of their own finances.
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Books of Reference
- Anuario General de Estadística de Colombia. Bogotá. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Anuario de Comercio Exterior de Colombia. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Anuario Esladístico Bogotá D. E. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Boletín Mensualde Estadística. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
- Eeonomia y Estadística. OccasionalGoogle Scholar
- Informe Financiero del Contralor General. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Informe del Gerente de la Caja de Crédito Agraria, Industrial y Minero. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Memarias (13) de los Ministros al Congreso Nacional. AnnualGoogle Scholar
- Braun, H., The Assassination of Gaitán: Public Life and Urban Violence in Colombia. Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1985Google Scholar
- Morairetz, D., Why the Emperor’s New Clothes are not made in Colombia. OUP, 1982Google Scholar