In 1885 the territory was declared to be within the British sphere; in 1889 it was included in the sphere of the British South Africa Company, but was never administered by the company; in 1890 a Resident Commissioner was appointed, and in 1895, on the annexation of the Crown Colony of British Bechuana-land to the Cape of Good Hope, the British Government was in favour of transferring the Protectorate to the BSA Company, but the three major chiefs of the Bakwena, the Bangwaketse and the Bamangwato went to England to protest against this proposal, and agreement was reached that their country should remain a British Protectorate if they ceded a strip of land on the eastern side of the country for railway construction. This railway was built in 1896–97.
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Books of Reference
- General Information: The Director of Information and Broadcasting, PO Box 0060,Google Scholar
- Gaborone, Botswana publishes Botswana Handbook, the monthly Kutlwano. The Botswana Daily News, Botswana in Brief and Botswana Up To Date.Google Scholar
- Botswana ’86: An Official Handbook. Department of Information and Broadcasting, Gaborone, 1986Google Scholar
- Statistical Bulletins. Quarterly. Central Statistical Office, GaboroneGoogle Scholar
- Report on the Population Census, 1981. Government Printer, Gaborone, 1982Google Scholar
- Campbell, A. C., The Guide to Botswana. Gaborone, 1980Google Scholar
- Colclough, C., and McCarthy, S., The Political Economy of Botswana. OUP, 1980Google Scholar
- Harvey, C., (ed.), Papers on the Economy of Botswana. London and Nairobi, 1981Google Scholar
- Parson, J., Botswana: Liberal Democracy and Labour Reserve in Southern Africa. Aldershot, 1984Google Scholar