• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil was discovered on 3 May 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabral, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’, and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822.

Estados Unidos do Brasil

Books of Reference

  1. Anuário Estatístico do Brasil. Conselho Nacional de Estatística, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  2. Atlas do Brasil. Conselho Nacional de Geografia. 2nd ed. Eio de Janeiro, 1959Google Scholar
  3. Brazil Up to Bate, Conselho Nacional de Estatística, Rio de Janeiro, 1955Google Scholar
  4. Bulletin of the British Chamber of Commerce in Brazil. Eio de Janeiro. MonthlyGoogle Scholar
  5. Who’s Who in Latin America. Part VI: Brazil, Stanford, 1948Google Scholar
  6. Azevedo, Amoldo de, Geografia do Brazil. 2 vols. Rio, 1960Google Scholar
  7. Azevedo, Fernando de, Brazilian Culture. New York, 1950Google Scholar
  8. Calogeras, João Pandiá, A History of Brazil. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1939Google Scholar
  9. Camacho, J. A., Brazil. R. Inst. of Int. Affairs. 2nd ed. 1954.Google Scholar
  10. Castro, J. d., Géographie de la faim. Paris, 1949Google Scholar
  11. Delgado de Carvalho, C. M., Historia diplomática do Brazil. Rio, 1961Google Scholar
  12. Ereyre, G., Brazil: An Interpretation. New York, 1945.—The Masters and the Slaves. London, 1946Google Scholar
  13. Furtado, C., The Economic Growth of Brazil. Univ. of California Press and CUP, 1963Google Scholar
  14. Hill, L. F. (ed.), Brazil. Univ. of California Press and London, 1948Google Scholar
  15. Hunnicutt, B. H., Brazil: World Frontier. New York, 1949Google Scholar
  16. Le Lannou, M., Le Brésil. Paris, 1955Google Scholar
  17. Meijide Pardo, A., Brasil. Santiago de Compostela, 1955Google Scholar
  18. Moraes, R. Borba de, Bibliographia Brasiliana (1504–1900). 2 vols. 1958Google Scholar
  19. Smith, T. Lynn, Brazil: People and Institutions. Rev. ed. Baton Rouge, 1954.—(Ed.) Brasil: Portrait of Half a Continent. Gainesville, Fla., 1951Google Scholar
  20. Wagley, C., An Introduction to Brazil. Columbia Univ. Press, 1963Google Scholar
  21. National Library. Biblioteca Nacional Avenida Rio Branco 219–39 Rio de Janeiro, D.F. Director: Dr Eugenio Gomes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1965

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

There are no affiliations available

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