On 5 Dec. 1492 Columbus discovered the island of Santo Domingo, which he called La Española; for a time it was called Hispaniola. The city of Santo Domingo, founded by his brother, Bartholomew, in 1496, is the oldest city in the Americas and was for long the centre of Spanish power in America. The western third of the island—now known as the Republic of Haiti— was later occupied and colonized by the French, to whom the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo was also ceded in 1795. In 1808 the Dominican population, aided by British troops, expelled the French, and the colony returned to the rule of Spain, from which it declared its independence in 1821. It was invaded and held by the Haitians from 1822 to 1844, when they were expelled, and the Dominican Republic was founded and a constitution adopted. Great Britain, in 1850, was the first country to recognize the Dominican Republic. The country was occupied by American Marines from 1916 until the adoption of a new constitution in 1924. In 1936 the name of the capital city was changed from Santo Domingo to Ciudad Trujillo.
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Books of Reference
- Anuario estadístico de la República Dominicana, 1944–45. Ciudad Trujillo. 1949. This has been succeeded by separate annual reports covering foreign trade, vital statistics, banking, insurance, housing, and communications.Google Scholar
- Dirección General de Estadística. 21 años de estadísticas dominicanas 1936–1936. Ciudad Trujillo, 1957.Google Scholar
- Review of Commercial Conditions: Dominican Republic. H.H.S.O., 1950Google Scholar
- Refugee Settlement in the Dominican Republic. Brookings Institution, Washington, P.O., 1942Google Scholar
- Bishop, O. M., and Marchant, A., Guide to the Law and Legal Literature of Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Library of Congress, Washington, D.O., 1944Google Scholar
- Rodríguez, A., La Cuestión Dominico-Haitiana; Estudio Geográfico-Histórico. 2nd ed. San Domingo, 1919Google Scholar
- Welles, Sumner, Naboth’s Vineyard. (History of events culminating in re-establishment of Constitutional Government, by former U.S. Commissioner to the Republic.) 2 vols. New York, 1928Google Scholar