• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil was discovered on 3 May 1500 by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom,’ and on 13 May 1822 Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 Sept. 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 Oct. 1822. On 15 Nov. 1889 his only son, Dom Pedro II (born 1825, died 1891), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.

Estados Unidos do Brasil


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Books of Reference

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1958

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

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