Estados Unidos do Brasil
  • S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Brazil was discovered on 3 May, 1500, by the Portuguese Admiral Pedro Alvares Cabrai, and thus became a Portuguese settlement; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom,’ and on 13 May, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest surviving son of King João of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender’ of Brazil by a National Congress. He proclaimed the independence of the country on 7 September, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on 12 October, 1822. On 15 November, 1889, his only son, Dom Pedro II (born 1825, died 1891), was dethroned by a revolution, and Brazil declared a republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


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Books of Reference

Books of Reference: 1. Offical Publications

  1. The official gazette is the Diário Oficial.Google Scholar
  2. Annuario Estatistico do Brasil. No. 1 and 2 (1908–1912). 11 vols. Rio de Janeiro, 1936.Google Scholar
  3. Handbook of Brazil. Bureau of the American Republics. Washington.Google Scholar
  4. Boletins of the various Ministries. Annual Presidential Messages of each of the States.Google Scholar
  5. Boletin do Ministerio do Trabalho, Industria e Commercio. Rio de Janeiro. Monthly.Google Scholar
  6. Department of Overseas Trade Report. London. Occasional.Google Scholar
  7. Constituiacao da Republica dos Estados Unidos do Brazil. Rio de Janeiro,—English translation by E. Hambloch. London and Sao Paulo, 1935.Google Scholar
  8. Brazil, 1943; Resources and Possibilities. (In Portuguese and English.) Published by Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Rio de Janeiro, 1945.Google Scholar
  9. Brazil, 1938; a new Survey of Brazilian life, economic, financial, labour and social conditions from a general point of view. Rio de Janeiro, Serviço grafico do institute Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistiça, 1939.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Year Book of Brazil. Edited by Ernest Hambloch. (In English and Portuguese.) Published by British Chamber of Commerce of São Paulo.Google Scholar
  2. Publications of the Geographical and Historical Institute of Brazil. 108 volumes. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  3. Wileman’s Brazilian Review. Weekly Journal of Finance and Shipping. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  4. Bulletin of the British Chamber of Commerce in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro. Monthly.Google Scholar
  5. Barros (Jayme de), A Politica Exterior do Brasil (1930–42). Revised edition. Rio do Janeiro, 1943.Google Scholar
  6. Braga (E.) and Grubb (K. G.), The Republic of Brazil: a Survey of the Religious Situation. London, 1932.Google Scholar
  7. Cabral (M. da V.), Compendio de Chorographia do Brasil. Rio de Janeiro, 1922.Google Scholar
  8. Calogeros (João Pandiá), A History of Brazil. Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Carvalho (C. M. D.), Geographia do Brasil. 3rd ed. Rio de Janeiro, 1927.Google Scholar
  10. Cooke (M. L.), Brazil on the March: A Study in International Co-operation. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  11. Freyre (G.), Brazil: An Interpretation. New York, 1945. (English edition: The Masters and the Slaves. London, 1946.)Google Scholar
  12. Hambloch (Ernest), His Majesty the President: A Study of Constitutional Brazil. London, 1935.Google Scholar
  13. Harding (Bertita), Amazon Throne: The Story of the Braganzas of Brazil. London, 1942.Google Scholar
  14. James (H. G.), Brazil after a Century of Independence. New York, 1925.Google Scholar
  15. James (Preston E.), Brazil. New York, 1946.Google Scholar
  16. Jobim (J.), O Brasil na Economia Mundial. Rio de Janeiro, 1939.Google Scholar
  17. — The Mineral Wealth of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1941.Google Scholar
  18. — Brazil in the Making. New York, 1943.Google Scholar
  19. Kelsey (V.), Seven Keys to Brazil. New York, 1940.Google Scholar
  20. Kruse (H.), Groyaz: das wahre Herz Brasiliens. Sao Paulo, 1936.Google Scholar
  21. Laemmart (Eduardo von), Almanak administrativo, mercantil e industria. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  22. Lello (J.), Mines and Minerals in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro, 1939.Google Scholar
  23. Locwenstein (K.), Brazil Under Vargas. New York, 1942.Google Scholar
  24. Maull (O.), Vom Itatiaya zum Paraguay. A full account of the geography of Central Brazil. Leipzig, 1930.Google Scholar
  25. Normano (J. F.), Brazil: a study of economic types. Chapel Hill (North Carolina), 1935.Google Scholar
  26. Pearse (A. S.), Cotton in North Brazil. Manchester, 1924.Google Scholar
  27. Pearson (D.), Negroes in Brazil. Chicago, 1942.Google Scholar
  28. — Survey of Literature on Brazil of Sociological Significance. Cambridge. Mass., 1945.Google Scholar
  29. Pearson (Hugh), The Diamond Trail (Banian diamond fields). London, 1926.Google Scholar
  30. Phillips (H. A.), Brazil : Bulwark of Inter-American Relations. New York, 1945.Google Scholar
  31. Ramos (A.), The Negro in Brazil. Washington, 1939.Google Scholar
  32. — Las Poblaciones del Brasil. Mexico City, 1945.Google Scholar
  33. Smith (T. Lynn), Brazil : People and Institutions. Baton Rouge, 1946.Google Scholar
  34. Zweig (Stefan), Brasilien : Ein Land der Zukunft. Stockholm, 1941. English edition. London, 1942.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1947

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

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