• S. H. Steinberg
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


After the death of George Ktistriota—popularly known as Skanderbeg— in 1467, under whom the Albanians had heroically resisted the Turks for a quarter of a century, Albania passed under Turkish suzerainty and thus remained-nominally or actually according to the locality and period— until 1912. The independence of Albania was proclaimed at Ylone (Valona) on 28 November, 1912, and on 17 December, 1912, the London conference of ambassadors agreed to the principle of Albanian autonomy. Subsequently that conference decided upon the frontiers of the new country, and agreed that a European prince be nominated to rule it. Prince William of Wied, having accepted the crown of the principality from an Albanian deputation at Neuwied, on 21 February, 1914, arrived at Dunes (Durazzo) on 7 March, 1914. After the outbreak of the war in 1914, the Prince on 3 September left Albania, which fell into a state of anarchy. By the secret Pact of London of 26 April, 1915, provision was made for the partition of Albania; but this arrangement, was repudiated by Italy on 3 June, 1917, when the Italian Commander-in-Chief in Albania, proclaimed at Gjinokaster (Argyrocastro) the independence of Albania. In January, 1925, the country was proclaimed a republic. A constituent assembly for the purpose of changing the Albanian Tlepublie into a monarchy was opened on 25 August, 1928, and on 1 September, the necessary amendments to the constitution were voted and Ahmed Keg Zogu, President of the Republic since 31 January, 1925, was proclaimed king. King Zog reigned till April, 1939.


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Books of Reference

Books of Reference

  1. The Albanian Struggle in the Old World and the New. Boston, U.S.A., 1939.Google Scholar
  2. Albania. Vol. 1. Venice (Istituto di Studi Adriatici), 1939.Google Scholar
  3. Bernatzik (H. A.), Albanien, das Land der Schkipetaren. Vienna, 1940.Google Scholar
  4. Baldacci (A.), L’Albania. Rome, 1930.Google Scholar
  5. — Studi Speciali Albanesi. 3 vols. Rome, 1932.Google Scholar
  6. Bondioli (Pio), Albania : Quinta Sponda d’Italia. Milan, 1939.Google Scholar
  7. Busch-Zantner (R.), Albanien: Neues land im Imperium. Leipzig, 1939.Google Scholar
  8. Cerveny (V.), Albanie. Prague, 1939.Google Scholar
  9. Giannini (Amedeo), L’Albania dall’indipendenza all’unione con l’Italia 1913–39. Home, 1940.Google Scholar
  10. Heseltine (Nigel), Scarred Background : A Journey through Albania. London, 1938.Google Scholar
  11. Lorenzoni (G.), La Questione Agraria Albanese. Florence, 1930.Google Scholar
  12. Matthews (Ronald), Sons of the Eagle : Wanderings in Albania. London, 1937.Google Scholar
  13. Newman (B.), Albanian Back-Door. London, 1936.Google Scholar
  14. Petrotta (Reverend G.), Popolo, Lingua e Letteratura Albanese. Palermo, 1932.Google Scholar
  15. Redlich (Baron M. D. A. R. von), Albania : Yesterday and To-day. Montreal, 1937.Google Scholar
  16. Robinson (V.), Albania’s Road to Freedom. London, 1941.Google Scholar
  17. Urban (M.), Die Siedlungen SUdalbaniens. Öhringen, 1938.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1947

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Steinberg

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