• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


Afghánistá. is a country of Asia lying between parallels 29° and 38° 20′ of north, latitude, and 61° and 72° of east longitude, with a long narrow strip extending to 75° east longitude (Wákhán). On the north-east, the boundary follows a line running generally westward from a fixed point near one of the peaks of the Sarikol Range to Lake Victoria, thence along the line of that branch of the Oxus which issues from the lake, and so, following the course of the Oxus, to Khamiab. From Khamiab, the line runs in a south-westerly direction to Zulfikár, on the river Harí-Rúd, and thence south to Koh-i-Malik Siah where the frontiers of Persia, Afghánistán and Baluchistan meet. Here the boundary turns round and runs generally eastwardly to the Khwája Amran range. The eastern and southern boundaries of Afghánistán long remained uncertain, but the basis of a delimitation was settled, in 1893, at a conference between the Amír, Abdur Rahmán, and Sir Mortimer Durand, and the boundary agreed upon, with the exception of the Khaibar-Asmar section, has since been demarcated. The Amír agreed that Chitral, Bajaur and Swát should be included within the British sphere of political influence, while he himself was to retain Asmar and the Kunar valley above it, as far as Arnawai, and the tract of Birmal, west of Wazíristán. In the subsequent demarcation, Káfiristán was included within the countries under Afghán control, and has since been partially garrisoned by the Amír’s troops. The Amír has withdrawn his pretensions over Wazíristán. The extreme breadth of Afghánistán from north to south is about 500 miles; its length from the Herát frontier to the Kháibar Pass, about 600 miles; the area is about 250,000 square miles. The surrounding countries are, on the north, the Central Asian States, under the influence of Russia; on the west, Persia; on the south, the British Political Agency of Baluchistan and the North-West Frontier Province; and on the east, the mountain tribes scattered along the north-western frontier of India, and included within the sphere of British influence. Between March, 1903, and May, 1905, the boundary towards Persia was demarcated from Koh-i-Malik Siah to the Helmund, and thence to Siah Kuh. In July, 1905, Sir W. Macmahon announced his award concerning disputed water rights over the Helmund river, but the award has not yet been ratified by the Persian Government.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Books of Reference

  1. Accounts relating to the trade by Land of British India with Foreign Countries. Annual. Calcutta.Google Scholar
  2. Parliamentary Papers, Afghánistán, 1873–1899.Google Scholar
  3. Treaty between the British Government and the Amir of Afghanistan, dated March 21, 1906. London, 1905.Google Scholar
  4. The Second Afghan War, 1878–80. Prepared in the Intelligence Branch of the Indian Army Headquarters. London, 1908.Google Scholar
  5. Alle. (J. N.), Diary of a March through Sinde and Afghánistán, London, 1843.Google Scholar
  6. Beile. (H. W.), Afghánistán and the Afgháns, London,1879; and The Races of Afghánistán, 1880.Google Scholar
  7. Burne. (Sir A.), Cabool. London, 1842.Google Scholar
  8. Curzo. (Hon. G. N.), Russia in Central Asia. [Contains bibliography]. London. 1889.Google Scholar
  9. Elphinston. (Hon. M.), An account of the Kingdom of Caubul and its Dependencies. London, 1815.Google Scholar
  10. Forbe. (A.), The Afghan Wars, 1839–42 and 1878–80. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  11. Gor. (F. St. G.), Lights and Shades of Hill Life in the Afghan and Hindu Highlands of the Punjab. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  12. Gra. (T.), At the Court of the Ameer. New ed. London.1901.Google Scholar
  13. Hamilto. (Angus), Afghánistán. London, 1906.Google Scholar
  14. Hann. (Col. H. B.), The Second Afghan War, 1878–80. Vol. I. London, 1899.Google Scholar
  15. Hensma., The Afghán War of 1879–80. London. 1881.Google Scholar
  16. Boldic. (Col. Sir T. H.), The Indian Borderland. 1880–1900. London 1901.Google Scholar
  17. Kay., History of the War in Afghánistán. 4th edition. 1878.Google Scholar
  18. MacFal. (C.), With the Zhob Field Force. 1890. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  19. MacMaho. (A. H.), The Southern Borderlands of Afghanistan. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  20. Mal. (A.), Scenes through the Battle Smoke. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  21. Malleso. (G. B.), History of Afghánistán. 2nd edition. 1879.Google Scholar
  22. Marti. (F. A.), Under the Absolute Emir. New York and London, 1907.Google Scholar
  23. Mutchmor. (S. A.), Moghul, Mongol, Mikado, and Missionary 2 vols. New York, 1891.Google Scholar
  24. Noyc. (F.), England, India, and Afghánistán. London, 1902.Google Scholar
  25. Olafse. (O.), Through the Unknown Pamirs (1898–99). London, 1904.Google Scholar
  26. Olive. (E. E.), Across the Border, or Patlián and Bilúch. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  27. Robert. (Field-Marshal Lord), Forty-nine Years in India. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  28. Robertso. (Sir G. S.), The Kafir of the Hindu Kush. London, 1890.Google Scholar
  29. Sal. (G.), Journal of the Disasters in Afghánistán in 1841–42. London, 1843.Google Scholar
  30. Sultán Mahomed Khá. (Mir Munshi) (Editor), The Life of Abdur Rahman, Amir of Afghanistan. 2 vols. London, 1900.—Constitution and Laws of Afghanistan. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  31. Thorbur. (S.), Asiatic Neighbours. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  32. Wei. (T. S.), From India to the Caspian. Bombay, 1893.Google Scholar
  33. Wheele. (S. E.), The Ameer Abdur Rahman. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  34. Yat. (A. C.), Russia and England Face to Face in Asia. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  35. Yat. (Major C. E.), Northern Afghanistan. London, 1888Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1908

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations