• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Peru, formerly the most important of the Spanish Viceroyalties in South America, issued its declaration of independence July 28, 1821 ; but it was not till after a war, protracted till 1824, that the country gained its actual freedom from Spanish rule. The Republic is politically divided into departments, and the departments into provinces. The present Constitution, proclaimed October 16, 1856, was revised November 25, 1860. It is modelled on that of the United States, the legislative power being vested in a Senate and a House of Representatives, the former composed of deputies of the provinces, in the proportion of one for every 30,000 inhabitants or fraction exceeding 15,000, and the latter of representatives nominated by the electoral colleges of the provinces of each department, at the rate of two when the department has two provinces, and one more for every other two provinces. The parochial electoral colleges choose deputies to the provincial colleges, who in turn send representatives to Congress, and elect the municipal councils as well.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Peru

1. Official Publications

  1. Demarcacion politica del Perú. Edicion oficial de la direccion de estadistica. Fol. Lima, 1874.Google Scholar
  2. Paz Soldan (Mariano Felipe), Diccionario geográfico-estadistico del Perú : Contiene ademas la etimologia Aymara y Quechua de las principales poblaciones, lagos, rios, cerros, &c. 8. Lima, 1879.Google Scholar
  3. Peru. No. 60 of the Bulletins of the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington, 1892.Google Scholar
  4. Raimondi (Antonio), El Perú. 3 vols. Published at Lima, 1874.Google Scholar
  5. American Consular Reports for April 1895. Washington.Google Scholar
  6. Report by Sir C. Mansfield on the auriferous deposits of Peru. No. 167 of‘ Reports on Subjects of General and Commercial Importance.’ 1890.Google Scholar
  7. Reports on the Trade of Peru in Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  8. Trade of Peru with Great Britain, in ‘Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions Imp. 4 London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Albertini (L. E.), Pérou en 1878. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  2. Bates (H. W.), Central and South America. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  3. Chérot (A.), Le Pérou : Productions, guano, commerce, finances, &c. 8. Paris, 1876.Google Scholar
  4. Clark (E.B.), Twelve Months in Peru. 8. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  5. Crommelin (May), Over the Andes from Chili to Peru. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  6. Dußeld (A.), Peru in the Guano Age. 8. London, 1877.Google Scholar
  7. El Economists. Weekly. Lima.Google Scholar
  8. Evans (P. F.), From Peru to the Plate. 8. London, 1889Google Scholar
  9. Fùentes (Manuel A.), Lima, or Sketches of the Capital of Peru : Historical, Statistical, Administrative, Commercial, and Moral. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  10. Grandidier (E.), Voyage dans l’Amérique du Sud, Pérou et Bolivie. 8. Paris, 1863.Google Scholar
  11. Guillaume (H.), The Amazon Provinces of Peru as.a Field for European Emigration. London, 1888.Google Scholar
  12. Hill (S. S.), Travels in Peru and Mexico. 2 vols. 8. London, 1860.Google Scholar
  13. Hutchinson (T. J.), Two Years in Peru. 2 vols. 8. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  14. Markham (C. R.), Cuzco and Lima. London, 1858.Google Scholar
  15. Markham (C. R.), Peru. London, 1881.Google Scholar
  16. Markham (C. R.), The War between Peru and Chili, 1879–81. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  17. Markham (Clements R.), Travels in Peru and India, while superintending the Collection of Cinchona Plants and Seeds in South America, and their Introduction into India. 8. London, 1862.Google Scholar
  18. Menendez (D. Baldomero), Manuel de geografia y estadistica del Peru. 12. Paris, 1862.Google Scholar
  19. Middendorf (E. W.), Peru : Beobachtungen und Studien über Das Land und Seine Bewohnern, während eines 25 Jahrigen Aufenthalts. Berlin, 1893.Google Scholar
  20. Ordinaire (Olivier), Du Pacifique à l’Atlantique par les Andes péruviennes et l’Amazone. 12. Paris, 1892.Google Scholar
  21. Paz Soldan (Mariano Felipe), Historia del Perú Independente. 3 vols.Google Scholar
  22. Pradier-Fodéré (C.), Lima et ses environs. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  23. Prescott (W. H.), History of the Conquest of Peru. London.Google Scholar
  24. Squier (E. G.). Peru : Incidents of Travels and Exploration in the Land of the Incas. 8. London, 1877.Google Scholar
  25. Temple (Edmond), Travels in various Parts of Peru. 2 vols. London, 1830.Google Scholar
  26. Tschudi (Joh. Jakob von), Reisen durch Südamerika. 5 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1866–68.Google Scholar
  27. Ursel (Comte C. d’), Sud Amérique : Séjours et voyages au Brésil, en Bolivie, et au Pérou. 12. Paris, 1879.Google Scholar
  28. Wappaeus (Joh. Eduard), Die Republic Peru ; in Stein’s ‘ Handbuch der Geographie und Statistik.’ Part III. 8. Leipzig, 1864.Google Scholar
  29. Wiener (Charles), Pérou et Bolivie. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations