• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Paraguay gained its independence from Spanish rule in 1811, and after a short government by two consuls, the supreme power was seized, in 1815, by Dr. José Gaspar Rodriguez Francia, who exercised autocratic sway as dictator till his death, September 20, 1840. Dr. Francia’s reign was followed by an interregnum, which lasted till 1842, when a National Congress, meeting at the capital Asuncion, elected two nephews of the Dictator, Don Mariano Roque Alonso and Don Carlos Antonio Lopez, joint consuls of the Republic. Another Congress voted, March 13, 1844, a new Constitution, and, March 14, elected Don Carlos Antonio Lopez sole President; he was continued by another election, March 14, 1857. At the death of Don Carlos, September 10, 1862, his son, Don Francisco Solano Lopez, born 1827, succeeded to the supreme power. President Lopez, in 1864, began a dispute with the Government of Brazil, the consequence of which was the entry of a Brazilian army, united with forces of the Argentine Confederation and Uruguay, into the Republic, June 1865. After a struggle of five years, Lopez was defeated and killed at the battle of Aquidaban, March 1, 1870.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Paraguay

  1. Anuario Estadistico de la República del Paraguay. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  2. Mensage del Presidente de la Republica, presentado al Congreso Legislativo de la Nacion, 4. Asuncion, 1897.Google Scholar
  3. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. 8. London.Google Scholar
  4. Revue du Paraguay. Published monthly. Asuncion.Google Scholar
  5. Paraguay. Bulletin No. 54 of the Bureau of the American Republics, Washington, 1892.Google Scholar
  6. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders for 1897, London, 1898.Google Scholar
  7. Azara (Félix de), Voyages dans l’Amérique méridionale. Paris, 1809.Google Scholar
  8. Braine-le-Conte, La République de Paraguay. Bordeaux, 1889.Google Scholar
  9. Bruyssel (E, van), La Republique du Paraguay. Bruxelles, 1893.Google Scholar
  10. Griado (M. A.), Guide de l’émigrant au Paraguay. Asuncion, 1889.Google Scholar
  11. Demersay (L. A.), Histoire physique, économique et politique du Paraguay et des établissements des Jésuites. 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1865.Google Scholar
  12. Jourdan (E. C.), Guerra do Paraguay. Rio de Janeiro, 1890.Google Scholar
  13. Kennedy (A. J.), La Plata, Brazil, and Paraguay, during the War. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  14. La Dardye (E. De B.), Paraguay : The Land and the People, Natural Wealth and Commercial Capabilities. English Edition. Edited by E. G. Ravenstein, F.R.G.S. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  15. Mansfield, (Charles), Paraguay, Brazil, and the Plate. New Edition. By the Rev. Charles Kingsley. 8. London, 1856.Google Scholar
  16. Masterman (G. F.), Seven Eventful Years in Paraguay. 8. 2nd Edition. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  17. Mulhall (M. G. and E. T.), Handbook to the River Plate Republics, &c., and the Republics of Uruguay and Paraguay. 8. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  18. Olascoaga (R. de), Paraguay. [Translation from Reclus’ ‘ Geographie Universelle,’ with prolegomena and notes.] Asuncion, 1896.Google Scholar
  19. Page (Commander Thomas G.), La Plata, the Argentine Confederation, and Paraguay. Narrative of the Exploration of the Tributaries of the River La Plata and adjacent Countries during the years 1853, 1854, 1855, and 1856, under the orders of the United States Government. 8. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  20. Santos (C. R.), La Republica del Paraguay. Asuncion, 1897.Google Scholar
  21. Thompson (George), The Paraguayan War; with sketches of the history of Paraguay, and of the manners and customs of the people. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  22. Washburn (Charles A.), The History of Paraguay. With notes of personal observations, vols. 8. Boston and New York, 1871.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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