Orange Free State

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic known as the Orange Free State, founded originally by Boers who quitted Cape Colony in 1836 and following years, is separated from the Cape Colony by the Orange River, has British Basutoland and Natal on the east, the Transvaal on the north, and Transvaal and Griqualand West on the west. Its independence was declared on February 23, 1854, and a Constitution was proclaimed April 10, 1854, and revised February 9, 1866, May 8, 1879, and May 11, 1898. The legislative authority is vested in a popular Assembly, the Volksraad, of 60 members, elected by suffrage of the burghers (adult white males) for four years from every district-town, and ward, or field-cornetcy. Every two years one-half of the members vacate their seats and an election takes place. The members of the Volksraad receive pay at the rate of 2l. per day. Eligible are burghers 25 years of age, owners of real property to the value of 500l. Voters must be white burghers by birth or naturalisation, be owners of real property of not less than 150l., or lessees of real property of an annual rental of 36l., or have a yearly income of not less than 200l., or be owners of personal property of the value of 300l., and have been in the State for not less than five years. The executive is vested in a President chosen for five years by the registered voters, who is assisted by an Executive Council.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference

  1. Census van den Oranje-Vrijstaat, opgenomen op 31 Maart, 1890. Bloemfontein, 1891.Google Scholar
  2. Brown (A. S. and G. G.). Guide to South Africa. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  3. Johnston (Keith), Africa. London, 1884.Google Scholar
  4. Noble (J.), Illustrated Official Handbook of the Cape and South Africa. Cape Town. Johannesburg, and London, 1893.Google Scholar
  5. Norris-Newman (C. L.), With the Boers in the Transvaal and Orange Free State. London. 1882.Google Scholar
  6. Sandeman (E. F.), Eight Months in an Ox-Wagon. London, 1880.Google Scholar
  7. Stiver’s Handbook to South Africa. 4th Edition. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  8. The Argus Annual and S. African Directory, 1897. Cape Town, 1896.Google Scholar
  9. Trollope (Anthony), South Africa. 2 vols. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  10. Weber (Ernest de), Quatre ans au pays des Boers. Paris 1882.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
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    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
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    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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