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Afghánistán

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

Afghánistán is a country of Asia lying between parallels 30° and 38°20′ of north latitude, and 60° 30′ and 74° 30′ of east longitude. On the northeast, the boundary follows a line running generally westward from a fixed point near one of the peaks of the Sarikol Range to Lake Victoria, thence along the line of that branch of the Oxus which issues from the lake, and so to Khamiab. From Khamiab, the line runs in a south-westerly direction to Zulfikar, on the river Harí-Rúd, and thence south to Kuh Malik-i-Siyah, a conspicuous peak south-west of the Helmand river. Here the boundary turns round and runs generally eastwardly to the Kwája Amran range. The eastern and southern boundaries of Afghánistán long remained uncertain, but the basis of a delimitation was settled, in 1893, at a conference between the Amir, Abdur Rahmán, and Sir Mortimer Durand, and the boundary agreed upon, with the exception of the Khaibar-Asmar section, has since been demarcated. The Amír agreed that Chitral, Bajaur, Swat and Chilas should be included within the British sphere of political influence, while he himself was to retain Asmar and the Kunar valley above it, as far as Chanak, and the tract of Birmal. In the subsequent demarcation, Kafiristán was included within the countries under Afghán control, and has since been garrisoned by the Amír’s troops. The Amír has withdrawn his pretensions over Wazíristán.

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Books of Reference

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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