• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The reigning monarch, whose surname is Yi and name Heui, succeeded his predecessor-now known under his posthumous title of Ch ’yelchyong-in 1864. On October 15, 1897, he assumed the title of Emperor. He is reckoned as the thirtieth in succession since the founding of the present dynasty in 1392; but four of the so-called Kings were Crown Princes who never ascended the throne. Up to July, 1894, when war was declared by Japan against China, the monarchy, which is hereditary, was practically absolute. The constitution, the penal code, and. the system of official administration were framed on the Chinese model, except that the government was in the hands of a hereditary aristocracy, exclusive and corrupt. Since early times Korea had acknowledged the suzerainty of China, a suzerainty which was denied by Japan and which was one of the alleged causes of the war between China and Japan, 1894. By the treaty of Shimonoseki, May, 1895, China renounced her claim, and under Japanese influence, with the aid cf money borrowed from Japan, many reforms were introduced, such as the payment of taxes in money instead of in kind; fixed salaries for government officials; a reduction in the number of useless hangers on, and an effort towards order in the departments of State. There exists, however, a strong reactionary tendency, especially in the Household Department, and various abuses have recently revived.


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Books of Reference concerning Korea

  1. Foreign Office Reports on the Trade of Korea. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  2. Bibliographie Coreenne. 3 vols. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  3. Bishop (Mrs. Isabella), Korea and her Neighbours. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  4. Brandt (M. von), Ostasiatische Fragen. Leipzic, 1897.Google Scholar
  5. Campbell (C. W.), Report of a Journey in North Corea. Blue Book. China No. 2. 1891Google Scholar
  6. Cavendish (A. E. J.) and Goold-Adams (H. E.), Korea and the Sacred White Mountain. 8. London, 1894.Google Scholar
  7. Courant (M.), Bibliographie Coréenne. 3 vols. Paris, 1896.Google Scholar
  8. Culin (Stewart), Korean Gaines. 4. Philadelphia, 1895.Google Scholar
  9. Gurzon (G. N.), Problems of the Far East. New ed. 8. London, 1896.Google Scholar
  10. Dallet, Histoire de l’église de Corée. 2 vols. Paris, 1874. [This work contains much accurate information concerning the old political and social life, geography, and langnage of Corea].Google Scholar
  11. Gale (J. S.), Korean Sketches. Edinburgh, 1898.Google Scholar
  12. Griffis (W. E.), Corea : the Hermit Nation. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  13. Gvndry (R. S.), China and Her Neighbours. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  14. Hamel (Hendrik), Relation du Naufrage d’un Vaisseau Holandois, &c., traduite du Flamand par M. Minutoli. 12. Paris, 1670. [This contains the earliest European account of Korea. AnEnglish translation from the French is given in Vol.IV. of A. and J Churchill’s Collection, fol., London, 1744, and in Vol. VII. of Pinkerton’s Collection, 4, London, 1811].Google Scholar
  15. Korean Repository. Published monthly. Seoul.Google Scholar
  16. Laguérie (V. de), La Corée, Independante, Russe, ou Japonnaise. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  17. Landor (H. S.), Corea, the Land of the Morning Calm. London, 1895.Google Scholar
  18. Wilkinson (W.H.), the Corean Government: Constitutional Changes in Corea during the Period July 23, 1894—June 30, 1896. 4. Shanghai, 1896. [Contains a detailed account of recent changes.]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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