• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Ecuador was constituted May 11, 1830, in consequence of a civil war which separated the members of the original Republic of Colombia, founded by Simon Bolivar, by uniting the Presidency of Quito to the Vice-Royalty of New Grenada, and the Captaincy-General of Venezuela, when they threw off the Spanish yoke. By its Constitution, dating 1884, with modifications in 1887 and 1896, the executive is vested in a President, elected for the term of four years, while the legislative power is given to a Congress of two Houses ; the first consisting of two senators for each province (chosen for four years, one-half retiring every two years), and the second of deputies, on the basis of one deputy for every 30,000 inhabitants, chosen for two years ; both elected by adults who can read and write and are Roman Catholics. The Congress meets on the 10th of June of every other year at Quito, the capital, without being summoned by the Government. The election of the President takes place in a direct manner by the people, and that of the Vice-President, whose term of office is also four years, by the same procedure, but two years after that of the President, so that he is a member of two distinct administrations. The Vice-President in certain cases may be called upon to occupy the Presidential chair. He also discharges the duties of President of the Council State.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Ecuador

1. Official Publications

  1. Geografla y Geologia del Ecuador, publicado por orden del Supremo Gobierno de la Republica, por Dr. Teodoro Wolf. Leipzic, 1893.Google Scholar
  2. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series, and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  3. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar
  4. Ecuador. No. 64 of the Bulletins of the Bureau of the American Republics. Washington, 1892.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Bates (H. W.), Central and South America. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  2. Campos, Galeria de Ecuatorianos célebres. Guayaquil, 1881.Google Scholar
  3. Cevallos, Compendio del resúmen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1885. Resúmen de la historia del Ecuador. Guayaquil, 1886. Geografia del Ecuador. Lima 1888.Google Scholar
  4. Ecuador in 1881. Report of Mr. G. E. Church to the United States Government. Reprinted in South American Journal. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  5. El Ecuador en Chicago. New York, 1894.Google Scholar
  6. Flemming (B.), Wanderungen in Ecuador. 8. Leipzig, 1872.Google Scholar
  7. Gerstäeker (Friedrich), Achtzehn Monate in Süd-Amerika. 3 vols. 8. Leipzig, 1863.Google Scholar
  8. Gonzalez Suárez. Historia ecclesiástica del Ecuador. Quito, 1881.Google Scholar
  9. Hassaurek (F.), Four Vears among Spanish Americans. 3rd edition. Cincinnati, 1881.Google Scholar
  10. Herrera (P.), Apuntes para la historia de Quito. Quito, 1874.Google Scholar
  11. Kaufmann (A. G.), Garcia Morena, Präsident der Republik Ecuador. Freiburg, 1891.Google Scholar
  12. Oviedo y Valdès, Historia de las Indias. Madrid, 1885. 4 v.Google Scholar
  13. Schwarda (T.), Reise um die Erde. Vol. III. 8. Braunschweig, 1861.Google Scholar
  14. Simson (Alfred), Travels in the Wilds of Ecuador. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  15. 8tübel (A.), Die Vulkanherge von Ecuador. [Geology and Topography.] Berlin, 1897.Google Scholar
  16. Ternaux-Compans (L.), Histoire du royaume de Quito. Traduite de l’Espagnol. (Velasco Historia del reino de Quito.) 2 vols. 8. Paris, 1840.Google Scholar
  17. Wagner (Moritz Friedrich), Reisen in Eucador; in ‘ Zeitschrift für allgemeine Erdkunde. Vol. xvi. Berlin, 1864.Google Scholar
  18. Whymper (Edward), Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  19. Wolf (T.), Geografla y Geologia del Ecuador. Fol. Leipsic, 1891Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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