• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


The Republic of Colombia gained its independence of Spain in 1819, and was officially constituted December 27, 1819. This vast Republic split up into Venezuela, Ecuador, and the Republic of New Granada, February 29, 1832. The Constitution of April 1, 1858, changed the Republic into a confederation of eight States, under the name of Confederation Granadina. On September 20, 1861, the convention of Bogotá brought out the confederation under the new name of United States of New Granada, with nine States. On May 8, 1863, an improved Constitution was formed, and the States reverted to the old name Colombia—United States of Colombia. The revolution of 1885 brought about another change, and the National Council of Bogotá, composed of three delegates from each State, promulgated the Constitution of August 4, 1886. The sovereignty of the nine States was abolished, and they became simple departments, their presidents, elected by ballot, being reduced to governors under the direct nomination of the President of the Republic, the country being now named the Republic of Colombia.


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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Colombia

1. Official Publications

  1. Colombia Bulletin No. 33 of the Bureau of the American Republics. 8. Washington, 1892. Special bulletins of October and November 1893 contain reports on coffee and coal in Colombia.Google Scholar
  2. Circulaire du Ministre des Affaires Etrangères sur les mines d’or et d’argent de la Republique de Colombie. Bogotá, 1886.Google Scholar
  3. Description historica, geográphica y politica de la Repûblica de Colombia. Bogota, 1887.Google Scholar
  4. Constitution of the Republic of Colombia (August 7, 1886). Bogota.Google Scholar
  5. Diario Official. Bogotá, 1898.Google Scholar
  6. Foreign Office Reports, Annual Series and Miscellaneous Series. London.Google Scholar
  7. Informe del Ministro de Fomento—del Ministro de Guerra ; del Ministro de Instruccion Publica ; Ministro de Relacunes Exteriores ; Ministro de Gobierno ; Ministro del Tesoro ; Ministro de Justicia ; Ministro de Hacienda. Bogotá, 1898.Google Scholar
  8. Report of the Minister of the Treasury submitted to Congress, 1896. Bogotá, 1896.Google Scholar
  9. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Bates (H. W.), Central and South America. New edition. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  2. Borda (J. J.), Compendio de Historia de Colombia. Bogotá, 1890.Google Scholar
  3. Bruycker (P. de), Les mines d’or et d’argent de la Colombie. Extrait du Bull, de la Soc. R, de la Géographie d’Anvers. Antwerp, 1888.Google Scholar
  4. Cadena (P. J.), Anales diplomàticos de Colombia, Bogota, 1878.Google Scholar
  5. Esguerra, Diccionario geográfico de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. Bogota, 1879.Google Scholar
  6. Etienne (C. P.). Nouvelle-Grenade, aperçu général sur la Colombie. Geneve, 1887.Google Scholar
  7. Hall (Col F.), Colombia ; its Present State in respect of Climate, Soil, &c. 8 Philadelphia, 1871.Google Scholar
  8. Hassaurek (F.), Pour Years among Spanish Americans. 12. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  9. Holton, Twenty Months in the Andes. New York.Google Scholar
  10. Mosquera (General), Compendio de geografia, general, politica, fisica y special de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. 8. London, 1866.Google Scholar
  11. Nunez (R.) and Jahay (H.), La République de Colombie, Geographie, Histoire, Organisation, &c. Brussels, 1893.Google Scholar
  12. Pereira (R. S.), Les Etats-Unis de Colombie. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  13. Perez (Felipe), Geografia general, fisica y politica de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. Bogota, 1883.Google Scholar
  14. Reclus (Armand), Panama et Darien. Paris, 1881.Google Scholar
  15. Report of the Council of the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders, Appendix. London, 1897.Google Scholar
  16. Restrepo Tirado (E.), Estudios sobre los Aborigenes de Colombia. Bogota, 1892.Google Scholar
  17. Rodrigues (J. C), The Panama Canal. London, 1885.Google Scholar
  18. Rothlisberger (E.), Eldorado : Reise-und-Kulturbilde aus dem Sudamerican. Colombien. 1897.Google Scholar
  19. Simons (F. A. A,), Goajira Peninsula. Proceedings of Royal Geographical Society, December 1885.Google Scholar
  20. Simons (F. A. A.), Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Proceedings of Royal Geographical Society, 1881.Google Scholar
  21. Velasco (T.), Geografia de Colombia. Bogotá. Also Colombia. [Translation from Recus’ Nouvelle Geographie Universelle., with copious notes superadded]. Bogotá, 1893.Google Scholar
  22. White (R. B.), Notes on the Central Provinces of Colombia. Proceedings of Royal Geographical Society for 1883. London, 1883.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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