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Chile

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The Republic of Chile threw off allegiance to the Crown of Sipain by the declaration of independence of September 18, 1810, finally freeing itself from the yoke of Spain in 1818. The Constitution voted by the representatives of the nation in 1833, with a few subsequent amendments, establishes three powers in the State—the legislative, the executive, and the judicial. The legislative power is vested in the National Congress, consisting of two assemblies, called the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is composed of members, elected for the term of six years, in the proportion of one Senator for every three Deputies ; while the Chamber of Deputies, composed of members chosen for a period of three years, consists of one representative for every 30,000 of the population, or a fraction not less than 15,000; both bodies are chosen by the same electors—the Chamber directly by departments, and the Senate directly by provinces on the cumulative system of voting. Electors must be 21 years of age, and can read and write. In 1887 there were 134,119 registered electors or 1 to 18 of the population. In the election of deputies in March 1888, 89,977 citizens voted or 67 per cent. of those who had the right to vote.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Chile

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuario Estadístico, for the years 1835-86. Fol. Valparaiso, 1893.Google Scholar
  2. Memorias presentandas al Congreso nacional por los Ministros de Estado en los departa mentos de Relaciones Exteriores, Hacienda, &c Santiago, 1896.Google Scholar
  3. Estadística comercial de la República de Chile. 8. Valparaiso, 1896.Google Scholar
  4. Synopsis cstadistiea y geogràfica de Chile 1897. Santiago, 1898.Google Scholar
  5. Reports on the trade, manufactures, agriculture of Chile in Foreign Office Reports, annual series. London.Google Scholar
  6. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Arana (Diego Barros), La guerre du Pacifique. Paris, 1882;and Historia general de Chile.Google Scholar
  2. Asta-Buruaga (Francisco S.), Diccionario geogrâfico de la Repúbliea de Chile. 8. New York, 1867.Google Scholar
  3. Bail (John), Notes of a Naturalist in South America. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  4. Bates (H. W.), South America. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  5. Child (Theodore), The Spanish American Republics. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  6. Fonek (Dr. Fr.), Chile in der Gegenwart. 8. Berlin, 1870.Google Scholar
  7. Gay (Claudio), Historia general de Chile.Google Scholar
  8. Guerre entre le Chili, le Pérou et Bolivie en 1879. Paris, 1879.Google Scholar
  9. Hancock (A. M.), A History of Chili. 8. Chicago, 1893.Google Scholar
  10. Hervey (M. H.), Dark Days in Chile. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  11. Innés (G. Rose), The Progress and Actual Condition of Chile. 8. London, 1875.Google Scholar
  12. Kunz (Hugo), Chile und die Deutschen Colonien. Leipzig, 1891.Google Scholar
  13. Mackenna (Vicuna), Obras históricas sobre Chile.Google Scholar
  14. Maldonado (R.), Estudios geograficos é hidrograficos sobre Chile. Santiago, 1897.Google Scholar
  15. Markham (C. R.), The War between Chile and Peru, 1879-81. London, 1883.Google Scholar
  16. Rosales (R. P. Diego de), Historia general del Reyno de Chile. 3 vols. 8. Valparaiso, 1877-78.Google Scholar
  17. Vincent (Frank), Round and about South America. New York, 1890.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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