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Brazil

  • J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

In 1807 the royal family of Portugal fled to Brazil; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’ ; and the Portuguese Court having returned to Europe in 1821, a national congress assembled at Rio de Janeiro, and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest son of King João VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender ’ of Brazil. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12 following. In 1831 he abdicated the crown in favour of his only son, Dom Pedro II., who reigned as Emperor until November 15, 1889, when by a revolution he was dethroned, and he1 and his family exiled, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

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