• J. Scott Keltie
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)


In 1807 the royal family of Portugal fled to Brazil; in 1815 the colony was declared ‘a kingdom’ ; and the Portuguese Court having returned to Europe in 1821, a national congress assembled at Rio de Janeiro, and on May 13, 1822, Dom Pedro, eldest son of King João VI. of Portugal, was chosen ‘Perpetual Defender ’ of Brazil. He proclaimed the independence of the country on September 7, 1822, and was chosen ‘Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender’ on October 12 following. In 1831 he abdicated the crown in favour of his only son, Dom Pedro II., who reigned as Emperor until November 15, 1889, when by a revolution he was dethroned, and he1 and his family exiled, and Brazil declared a Republic under the title of the United States of Brazil.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Statistical and other Books of Reference

1. Official Publications

  1. Boletim da alfandega do Rio de Janeiro (weekly).Google Scholar
  2. Collecçâo das leis do Imperio do Brazil e collecçăo das decisöes do Governo do Imperio do Brazil. 8. Rio de Janeiro, 1864-87.Google Scholar
  3. Handbook of Brazil. No. 7 of publications of the Bureau of the American Republics. 8. Washington. 1892.Google Scholar
  4. Relatario apresentado a Assemblea Geral Legislativa pelo Ministro de Estado dos Negocios do Imperio. Ditto, da Agricultura, Commercio e Obras Publicas. Rio de Janeiro, 1896.Google Scholar
  5. Empire of Brazil at the Universal Exhibition of 1876 at Philadelphia. 8. Rio de Janeiro, 1876.Google Scholar
  6. Recenseamento do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, 30 de Agosto, 1892. 8. Rio de Janeiro. 1893.Google Scholar
  7. Recenseamento do Districto Federal em 31 de Dezembro de 1890. Rio de Janeiro, 1895.Google Scholar
  8. Foreign Office Reports. Annual Series. London.Google Scholar
  9. Annual Statement of the Trade of the United Kingdom with Foreign Countries and British Possessions. Imp. 4. London.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Abreu and Cabrai. Brazil geografico-historico. Rio de Janeiro, 1884.Google Scholar
  2. Agassis (Louis), Journey in Brazil. 8. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  3. Araujo (Oscar d’), L’Idée Républicaine au Brésil. Paris, 1893.Google Scholar
  4. Bates (H. W.), South America. London, 1882.Google Scholar
  5. Bates (H. W.), The Naturalist on the River Amazon. London, 1864.Google Scholar
  6. Bayern (Therèse Prinzessin von), Meine Reise in den brazilianischen Tropen. Berlin, 1897.Google Scholar
  7. Bigg-Wither (Thomas P.), Pioneering in South Brazil. 8. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  8. Brown (C. B.), and Lidstone (W.), Fifteen Thousand Miles on the Amazon and its Tributaries. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  9. Burton (Capt. R. F.), Exploration of the Highlands of Brazil. 2 vols. 8. London, 1869.Google Scholar
  10. Canstatt (Oskar), Das republikanische Brasilien in Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, 1898.Google Scholar
  11. Constitution des Etats-Unis du Brésil. Paris, 1891.Google Scholar
  12. Dent (J. H.), A Tear in Brazil. London, 1886.Google Scholar
  13. Fialho (A.), Historia de fundaeão da Republica. 8. Rio de Janeiro, 1891.Google Scholar
  14. Fletcher (Rev. Jas. C.) and Kidder (Rev. D. P.), Brazil and the Brazilians. 9th ed. 8. London, 1879.Google Scholar
  15. Ford (Isaac N.), Tropical America. 8. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  16. Gallenga (A.), South America. London, 1880.Google Scholar
  17. Garraux (A. L.), Bibliographie Brésilienne. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  18. Grimm (J. Th.), Heimatkunde des Staates Rio Grande do Sul. 8. Santa Cruz, 1891.Google Scholar
  19. Hartt (Charles F.), Geology and Physical Geography of Brazil. Boston, 1870.Google Scholar
  20. H Brasile. Rivista mensile agricola, commerciale, industriale, e finanziaria. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  21. Keller (Franz), The Amazon and Madeira Rivers. Fol. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  22. Laemmert (Eduardo von), Almanak administrativo, mercantil e industrial, da corte e provincia do Rio de Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro.Google Scholar
  23. Le Brésil. Paris (published weekly).Google Scholar
  24. Levasseur (E.), Le Brésil. Extract de la Grande Encyclopèdie. 2me edition accompagnée d’un Appendice et d’un Album de Vues du Brésil. 4. Paris, 1889.Google Scholar
  25. Milton (A. A.), A Constitucao do Brazil 8. Rio de Janeiro, 1895Google Scholar
  26. Nabuco de Araujo (J.), Um Estadista do Imperio, Nabuco de Aranjo, sua Vida, suas Opinioes, sua Epoca. 2 vols. Paris, 1898.Google Scholar
  27. Orton (James), The Andes and the Amazon ; or, Across the Continent of South America. 8. New York. 1876.Google Scholar
  28. Ourem (Baron d’), Étude sur la Représentation Proportionale au Brésil. Paris, 1887Google Scholar
  29. Ourem (Baron d’),Notice sur les Institutions de Prevoyance au Brésil. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  30. Ourem (Baron d’), Quelques Notes sur les Bureaux de Statistique au Brésil. Paris, 1885.Google Scholar
  31. Sa (C. de), Brazilian Railways. Rio de Janeiro, 1893.Google Scholar
  32. Selys-Longchamps (W. de), Notes d’un voyage au Brésil. 8. Bruxelles, 1875.Google Scholar
  33. Smith (H. H.), Brazil, the Amazon, and the Coast. London, 1880.Google Scholar
  34. Sodré (L.), The State of Para. London, 1893.Google Scholar
  35. South American Journal, Published weekly. London.Google Scholar
  36. Steinen (C. von), Unter den Naturvölkern Zentral-Braziliens. 8. Berlin, 1894.Google Scholar
  37. Villalba (E.), A Revolta da Armada de 6de Setembro de 1893. 8. Rio de Janeiro 1894.Google Scholar
  38. Vincent (Frank), Round and About South America. New York, 1890.Google Scholar
  39. Wallace (Alfred R.), Travels on the Amazon and Rio Negro. 8. London, 1870.Google Scholar
  40. Wells (J W.), Three Thousand Miles through Brazil. London, 1886.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1899

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Scott Keltie
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
    • 11
  1. 1.The Royal Geographical SocietyUK
  2. 2.The Geographical Societies of ParisBerlinGermany
  3. 3.The Geographical Societies of ParisRomeItaly
  4. 4.The Geographical Societies of ParisLisbonPortugal
  5. 5.The Geographical Societies of ParisAmsterdamNetherlands
  6. 6.The Geographical Societies of ParisBrusselsBelgium
  7. 7.The Geographical Societies of ParisBuda-PestHungary
  8. 8.The Geographical Societies of ParisGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.The Geographical Societies of ParisNeuchatelSwitzerland
  10. 10.The Geographical Societies of ParisPhiladelphiaUSA
  11. 11.Commercial Geographical Society of ParisFrance

Personalised recommendations