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France

République Française
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The present constitution of France, voted by the National Assembly, elected in 1871, bears date February 25, 1875. It vests the legislative power in an assembly of two houses, the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, and the executive in a chief magistrate called President of the Republic. The Chamber of Deputies is elected by universal suffrage, under the ‘scrutin d’arrondissement,’ adopted by the National Assembly, November 11, 1875. The law orders that every arrondissement has to elect one deputy, and if its population is in excess of 100,000, an additional deputy for each 100,000, or portion thereof. There were 9,992,329 ‘électeurs politiques,’ or persons possessing votes, at the last general election, in 1878. The only requisite to be an elector is to be possessed of citizenship and to be of the age of twenty-one years, while the only requisite for a deputy is to be a citizen and twenty-five years of age. There are 532 members in the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate is composed of 300 members, of whom 75 hold their seats for life, the vacancies being filled by the choice of the Senate. The remaining 225 seats are divided by lot into three classes of 75 each, one class going out at successive periods of three years. The election of these 225 senators is by an indirect process.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning France

1. Official Publications

  1. Annuaíre de la Marine et des Colonies. 1878. 8. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
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  25. Reports by Mr. Consul Rainals on the Trade and Shipping of the Consular District of Brest; by Mr. Consul Hamond on the Commerce of Cherbourg; by Mr. Consul Bernal on the Trade and Commerce of the Consular District of Havre; by Mr. Consul Tremlett on the Trade of Saigon; and by Mr. Vice-Consul MacGregor on the Commerce of St. Malo, dated Jan.–Feb. 1876; in ‘Reports from H.M.’s Consuls.’ Part II 1876. 8. London, 1876.Google Scholar
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2. Non-Official Publications

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  22. Roussan (A.), L’armée territoriale et la réserve de l’armée active. 8. Paris, 1874.Google Scholar
  23. Statistique centrale des Chemins de fer. 4. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
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  25. Vuitry (Adolphe), Etude sur le régime financier de la France. 8. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1879

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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