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Switzerland

Schweiz.—Suisse
  • Frederick Martin
Part of the The Statesman’s Yearbook book series (SYBK)

Abstract

The republic of Switzerland, formerly a league of semi-independent states, or ‘Staatenbund,’ has become a united confederacy, or ‘Bundesstaat,’ since the year 1848. The present constitution, based on fundamental laws passed in 1848, came into force May 29, 1874, having received the national sanction by a general vote of the people, given April 19, 1874. It vests the supreme legislative and executive authority in a parliament of two chambers, a ‘Ständerath,’ or State Council, and a ‘Nationalrath,’ or National Council. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The first is composed of forty-four members, chosen by the twenty-two cantons of the Confederation, two for each canton. The ‘Nationalrath’ consists of 135 representatives of the Swiss people, chosen in direct election, at the rate of one deputy for every 20,000 souls.

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Statistical and other Books of Reference concerning Switzerland

1. Official Publications

  1. Eidgenössische Volkszahlung vom 1 December, 1870. 4. Bern, 1872.Google Scholar
  2. Geschäftsberichte des schweizerischen Bundesraths an die Bundesversammlung. 8. Bern, 1875–78.Google Scholar
  3. Message du Conseil fédéral à la haute Assemblée fédérale concernant le recensement fédéral du 1 décembre 1870. Le l2 juillet 1871. 8. Bern, 1871.Google Scholar
  4. Resultats du compte d’état de la Confédération suisse pour l’année 1876. 4. Bern, 1878.Google Scholar
  5. Voranschlag der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft für das Jahr 187S. Fol. Bern, 1878.Google Scholar
  6. Uebersichts-Tabelle der Ein-, Aus-undDarch fuhr im Jahr l877, mit Angabe der Grenzstrecken über welche dieser Verkehr stattgefunden hat. Fol. Bern, 1878.Google Scholar
  7. Schweizerische Statistik. Herausgegeben vom Statistischen Bureau des Eidgenoss. Departements des Innern. 4. Bern, 1870–78.Google Scholar
  8. Report by Mr. G. T. Gould, British Secretary of Legation, on the financial position of the Swiss Confederation, dated Genera, Dec. 24, 1871; in ‘Reports by H.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No.I.1872. 8. London, 1872.Google Scholar
  9. Report by Mr. Horace Rublee, Minister Resident of the United States, on the revision of the Constitution of Switzerland, dated Berne, July 3, 1871; in ‘Papers relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States.’ 8. Washington, 1871.Google Scholar
  10. Report by Mr. Beauclerk on the commercial position of Switzerland, dated Berne, July 23, 1878; in ‘Reports by H.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. IV. 1878. 8. London, 1878.Google Scholar
  11. Report by Mr. Consul Mackenzie, on the trade and commerce of the cantons of Switzerland, dated Geneva, July 24, 1868; in ‘Commercial Reports received at the Foreign Office.’ No. XI. 1868. London, 1868.Google Scholar
  12. Report by Mr. Consul Mackenzie on the tenure of land in the canton of Geneva, dated October 1, 1869; in‘Reports from H. M.’s Representatives respecting the Tenure of Land.’ Part II Fol. London, 1870.Google Scholar
  13. Report by Mr. G. Jenner, Secretary of Legation, on the general condition of British trade with Switzerland, dated Berne, December 6, 1873; in ‘Reports by H.M.’s Secretaries of Embassy and Legation.’ No. III. 1874. 8. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  14. Statistics of Switzerland; in ‘ Statistical Tables relating to Eoreign Countries.’ Part XII. 8. London, 1877.Google Scholar

2. Non-Official Publications

  1. Harfin (J.), Statistische Tafel der Schweiz, 1878. Fol Zürich, 1878.Google Scholar
  2. Gisi (Dr. Wilh.), Zeitschrift für schweizerische Stat Herausgegeben von der Schweizerischen Statistischen Gesellschaft, mit Hitwirkung des eidgenössischen Statistischen Bureaus. Jahrg. 1–12. 4. Bern, 1865–77.Google Scholar
  3. Grote (George) Letters on the Politics of Switzerland. 8. London, 1876.Google Scholar
  4. Kolb (G. Fr.), Beiträge zur Statistik der Industrie und des Handels der Schweiz. 8. Zürich, 1869.Google Scholar
  5. Lombard (Dr.H. C.), Répartitions mensuelles des décès dans quelques cantons de la Suisse. 4. Bern, 1868.Google Scholar
  6. Maguin (H.), Notes et documents sur l’instruction populaire en Suisse. 8. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  7. Wirth (Max.), Allgemeine Beschreibung und Statistik der Schweiz. Im Verein mit gegen 60 Schweizerischen Gelehrten und Staatsmännern herausgegeben. 3 Vols. 8. Zürich, 1871–75.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1879

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick Martin

There are no affiliations available

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