Victor Emmanuel II., King of Italy, born March 14, 1820, the eldest son of King Charles Albert of Sardinia and Archduchess Theresia of Austria. Succeeded to the throne of Sardinia on the abdication of his father, March 23, 1849; proclaimed King of Italy, by vote of the Italian Parliament, March 17, 1861. Married, April 12, 1842, to Archduchess Adelaide of Austria; widower, Jan. 20, 1855. Offspring of the union are:—1. PrincessGlothilde, born March 2, 1843; married, Jan. 30, 1859, to Prince Napoleon, cousin of the Emperor of the French. 2. Prince Humbert, heir-apparent and Prince of Piedmont, born March 14, 1844; major-general in the Italian army, and commander of the 2nd regiment of cavalry. 3. Prince Amadeus, Duke of Aosta, born May 30, 1845; captain in the Italian army. 4. Prince Otho, Duke of Montferrat, born July 11, 1846. 5. Princess Pia, born Oct. 16, 1847; married, Oct. 6, 1862, to King Louis I. of Portugal.
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