Francis Joseph I., Emperor of Austria, and King of Bohemia and Hungary, born August 18, 1830, the son of Archduke Francis Charles and of Archduchess Sophia, princess of Bavaria; educated under the care of his mother, by Count Henry Bombelles, the descendant of an ancient family of French emigrants. Appointed governor of Bohemia April 5, 1848; took part in the battle of Santa-Lucia, near Verona, May 6, 1848; declared of age, December 1,1848; proclaimed Emperor and King, in consequence of the abdication of his uncle, Ferdinand I., and the renunciation of his father, Francis Charles, December 2, 1848; commanding a Russian division in the battle of Hochstrass, near Raab, Hungary, May 28, 1849; commander-in-chief of the Austrian army in the Italian campaign, 1859. Married April 24, 1854, to
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