Growing Sustainable Business in Eastern Africa: The Potential and Limits of Partnerships for Development
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It has been widely acknowledged that since the 1990s the ‘public-private partnerships’ (PPP) paradigm has become a cardinal component of processes of global governance (United Nations 2006). More recently, it has gradually rolled out in the developing world as a result of the multilateral consensus generated at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) (Calder 2002;Calder and Culverwell 2005). The novelty of the PPP mode of governance, or new approach to public policy, is that it seeks to complement governmental commitments to sustainable development and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with non-traditional forms of multistakeholder (voluntary) cooperation involving governments, multilateral organizations and non-state actors, such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector. The definition of the term, however, remains loose and context-bound because the actual practice and procedures underpinning the PPP paradigm display different degrees of stakeholder engagement, varying levels of institutionalization and the pursuance of outcomes as diverse as advocacy, norm-setting, policy making, finance or market creation (Reinicke and Deng 2000; Bull et al. 2004).
KeywordsCorporate Social Responsibility Supply Chain United Nations United Nations Development Programme Global Governance
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