Latin America Is Different: Transatlantic Discord on How to Promote Democracy in “Problematic” Countries

  • Susanne Gratius
  • Thomas Legler
Part of the Governance and Limited Statehood Series book series (GLS)


Unlike Africa, the Middle East, or Asia, the Americas have a long albeit problematic track record with democracy. Apart from Cuba, the democracy promotion challenge is not so much how to democratize authoritarian regimes but on how to strengthen democratic institutions, governance, and citizenship while defending democratic constitutional orders from authoritarian backsliding by elected incumbent leaders. Moreover, democracy is currently a highly contested concept in the Americas in terms of its meaning and practices, as illustrated by the intense competition between rival visions of representative democracy and plebiscitary or direct alternatives in countries such as Bolivia, Ecuador, and Venezuela.1


Development Assistance Authoritarian Regime Political Dialogue Democracy Promotion International Crisis Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Susanne Gratius and Thomas Legler 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Gratius
    • 1
  • Thomas Legler
    • 2
  1. 1.Relaciones Internacionales y el Diólogo Exterior (FRIDE)USA
  2. 2.Universidad IberoamericanaMexico CityMexico

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