American Cold War Propaganda Policy during the Truman Administration

Part of the Global Conflict and Security since 1945 book series (GCON)


At 7:00 p.m., on the night of August 14, 1945, US President Harry Truman announced to a group of reporters gathered around his desk that Japan had agreed to unconditional surrender. This announcement set off a wild celebration in Washington with almost half a million people filling the streets. Crowds gathered around the White House chanting “We want Truman!” Truman and his wife appeared on the front lawn of the White House, with Truman saying to the crowd, “This is great day, the day we’ve been waiting for. This is the day for free governments in the world. This is the day that fascism and police government ceases in the world.”1 Lost among the celebration were concerns about a Europe in ruin and the United States’ faltering partnership with a Soviet regime firmly in control of much of Central and Eastern Europe. It was in this spirit of wartime celebration that on August 31, 1945, President Truman signed an executive order abolishing the Office of War Information (OWI), the agency responsible for informing both Americans and foreigners about the American war during the Second World War.2 This was the beginning of a complex journey for American propaganda efforts, which resulted in very different propaganda strategy and policy than those pursued by Britain.


Foreign Policy Information Program Central Intelligence Agency Iron Curtain Soviet Regime 
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Copyright information

© Lowell H. Schwartz 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.RAND CorporationUSA

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