Integral Forms and Analytic Solutions in the Black-Scholes World
In addition to Assumptions 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 from Chapter 4 required to set up the differential equation in Chapter 7, we will now further simplify our model by assuming that the parameters involved (interest rates, dividend yields, volatility) are constant (Assumptions 9,11, and thus 7 from Chapter 4) despite the fact that these assumptions are quite unrealistic. These were the assumptions for which Fischer Black and Myron Scholes irst found an analytic expression for the price of a plain vanilla option, the famous Black-Scholes option pricing formula. For this reason we often speak of the Black-Scholes world when working with these assumptions. In the Black-Scholes world, solutions of the Black-Scholes differential equation (i.e., option prices) for some payoff profiles (for example for plain vanilla calls and puts) can be given in closed form. We will now present two elegant methods to derive such closed form solutions.
KeywordsInterest Rate Internal Model Strike Price Dividend Yield Spot Price
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