The Influence of the British Empire through the Development of Communications in Canada: French Radio Broadcasting during the Second World War

  • Alain Canuel
Part of the Palgrave Studies in the History of the Media book series (PSHM)


The second half of the nineteenth century was the crucible in which international communications was forged. In 1866, a young American engineer, Cyrus Field, established a communications link between the Old and New Worlds by means of a submarine cable. The Great Powers henceforth had a new instrument of communications which strengthened the links between them, and even more importantly brought them closer to their colonies and possessions. For nearly half a century, submarine cable would dominate the world of communications and bring the continents closer together. This technology helped shape an era when the links between Canada and Great Britain were very strong.


Prime Minister Radio Broadcasting Submarine Cable Public Radio British Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. de Margerie, Le réseau anglais de câbles sous-marins (Paris: A. Pedone, 1909), p. 27.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. R. Headrick, The Tools of Empire: Technology and European Imperialism in the 19th Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981), p. 163.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    At the end of the nineteenth century, imperialism as it appears cannot be considered from a synchronic perspective. The different regions did not have the same degree of expansion or did not have the same response vis-à-vis the control which was exercised over it. In P. Braillard and P. Senarclens, L’impérialisme (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1980), and more precisely pp. 48–9.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. M. Field, History of the Atlantic Telegraph (New York: Charles Scribner & Co., 1867), p. 3.Google Scholar
  5. B. Dibner, The Atlantic Cable (Toronto, London: Blaisdell Publisher Co., 1964), pp. 6–28, ‘Organization begins’.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    According to the Imperial Year-book for Canada, ‘six companies have a terminus in Canada, five on the Atlantic coast, and one on the Pacific. They are all controlled by foreign interest and several of them merely land at Canso, in Nova Scotia, because of geographical considerations’. In A. E. Southall, Imperial Yearbook 1915–1916 (Montreal: John Lovell & Sons Ltd., 1915), p. 148.Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    V. J. Coates and B. Finn, A Retrospective Assessment: Submarine Telegraphy (San Francisco: San Francisco Press, 1979), pp. 4, 5, 6.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    A. Moyal, Clear across Australia (Melbourne: Thomas Nelson, 1985), p. 92.Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    P. M. Kennedy, ‘Imperial Cable Communication and Strategy, 1870–1914’, English Historical Review, 86 (1974) 728–53. Citation at p. 741.Google Scholar
  10. 11.
    D. Ellis, La radiodiffusion canadienne: objectifs et réalités, 1928–1968 (Gouvernement du Canada, Département de Communication, Approvisionnement et Service Canada, 1979), p. 13.Google Scholar
  11. 13.
    Letter from Gladstone Murray to the Minister of Transportation, C. D. Howe, in Canada, Special Committee on Radio Broadcasting (Ottawa: J. A. Patenaude, 28 August 1942), p. 413.Google Scholar
  12. 16.
    A. Siegel, Radio Canada International, History and Development (Oakville and Buffalo: Mosaic Press, 1996), p. 42.Google Scholar
  13. 20.
    F. Williams, Press, Parliament and People (London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1946), p. 64.Google Scholar
  14. 21.
    According to Renée Legris, war propaganda at the international level is based on models and objectives that are different from those generally used in Canada. In R. Legris, Propagande de guerre et nationalisme dans le radio-feuilleton (1939–59) (Cap Saint-Ignace: Fides, 1981), p. 19.Google Scholar
  15. 22.
    For the Prime Minister, national unity is a goal, not a means. See J-L. Granatstein, Conscription in the Second World War, 1939–1945. A Study of Political Management (Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1969), pp. 13, 74;Google Scholar
  16. J.Y. Gravel, ‘Le Québec et la guerre’, Études d’histoire du Québec 7 (Montréal: Fides, 1974): 77 and others.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Alain Canuel 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Canuel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations