The best of friends can be found in the most unlikely of places. Few would associate Friedrich Nietzsche with friendship, for example. In the popular imagination this nineteenth-century philosopher is ‘depressing’; he spoke in the language of fire and ice, proclaimed the death of God and created the character of Zarathustra who wanders alone in mountains and deserts. If people know anything of his life it might be that he fell out with his sometime mentor and friend Richard Wagner (the split was of operatic proportions). So to most, including those philosophers who have studied his work, he is not readily associated with the affectionate spirit of amity.


Dust Schizophrenia Smoke Ghost Defend 


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Further Reading and References

  1. Proust’s attitude to friendship is examined in Duncan Large’s ‘Proust on Nietzsche: the Question of Friendship’, Modern Language Review, 88/3 (July 1993): 612–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. For more on Stanley Cavell’s thoughts his Conditions Handsome and Unhandsome: the Constitution of Emersonian Perfectionism (University of Chicago Press, 1991) is a good place to start.Google Scholar

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© Mark Vernon 2005

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  • Mark Vernon

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