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Racism in the U.K.

  • Mike Cole
Part of the Marxism and Education book series (MAED)

Abstract

In this chapter I begin by asking the question, “Why is it necessary to categorize racism?” I then consider older forms of British racism (colonial racism, antisemitism, and anti-Gypsy Roma and Traveller racism), before addressing myself to some newer forms (xeno-racism, anti-asylum-seeker racism, and Islamophobia). I argue that in contemporary Britain, there are a plethora of forms of racism. Given that contemporary British racism is multifaceted, and in order to set the scene for newer forms of racism, I begin by contextualizing them alongside older forms of racism, while also demonstrating that these older forms continue to flourish. For conceptual clarity I deal with color-coded racism, non-color-coded racism, and what I will call hybridist racism separately. I make use of the neo-Marxist concept of racialization, as outlined in the Introduction to this volume, and a newer concept of xenoracialization, to understand these multifarious forms of racism. I use the Gramscian concept of “common sense,” also outlined in the Introduction to assess how racialization interpellates popular consciousness. Central to these processes of racialization and xeno-racialization are the roles of the ISAs and the RSAs. I conclude with a consideration of contemporary counter-hegemonic resistance to racism.

Keywords

Migrant Worker Asylum Seeker Jewish Community Institutional Racism Patrol Directive 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Mike Cole 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Cole

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